Author jstasiak
Recipients jstasiak, wiedi
Date 2020-11-04.18:39:25
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I thought I'd give it a shot and I believe i found the issue. Let's use the testCount test as an example.

The client side (or the data sending side) looks like this:

    def _testCount(self):
        address = self.serv.getsockname()
        file = open(os_helper.TESTFN, 'rb')
        sock = socket.create_connection(address,
        with sock, file:
            count = 5000007
            meth = self.meth_from_sock(sock)
            sent = meth(file, count=count)
            self.assertEqual(sent, count)
            self.assertEqual(file.tell(), count)

So we're sending 5000007 bytes of data at once to a socket that has a timeout of 5.0 seconds set (default in those tests).

Somewhere along the way socket._sendfile_use_sendfile() is called and in it there's a loop:

                while True:
                        sent = os_sendfile(sockno, fileno, offset, blocksize)
                    except BlockingIOError:
                        if not timeout:
                            # Block until the socket is ready to send some
                            # data; avoids hogging CPU resources.
                return total_sent

On my test VM running openindiana 5.11 (I think that's the version number?) this is basically an infinite loop (I think it'll end at some point, but I didn't have the patience to verify this). That's because trying to send 5000007 bytes to that socket with 5 seconds timeout will trigger BlockingIOError. Why?

This is the relevant part of os.sendfile() implementation from posixmodule.c:

    do {
        ret = sendfile(out_fd, in_fd, &offset, count);
    } while (ret < 0 && errno == EINTR && !(async_err = PyErr_CheckSignals()));
    if (ret < 0)
        return (!async_err) ? posix_error() : NULL;
    return Py_BuildValue("n", ret);

offset is 0 in our case, but its exact value doesn't matter. The trouble is this is what illumos sendfile man page[1] says:


       (...) In some error cases sendfile() may still write some
       data before encountering an error and returning -1.  When that occurs,
       off is updated to point to the byte that follows the last byte copied and
       should be compared with its value before calling sendfile() to determine
       how much data was sent.

After some input from Jakub Kulik I believe this is a unique behavior (Linux, Oracle Solaris, Mac OS, FreeBSD and likely all or almost all other OSes don't do this) and it lacks handling on the Python side.

I tested this and indeed the sendfile(out_fd, in_fd, &offset, count) call *does* do partial writes in our case which gets reported as EAGAIN which gets converted to BlockingIOError which makes socket._sendfile_use_sendfile() retry again and again, each time resending the very beginning of the data and not going any further, therefore accumulating a lot of garbage on the receiving socket's side.

This patch works for me and I run the whole test_socket test suite with it, no more failures:

diff --git a/Modules/posixmodule.c b/Modules/posixmodule.c
index 203f98515dfd..eeff11b5b8ea 100644
--- a/Modules/posixmodule.c
+++ b/Modules/posixmodule.c
@@ -9475,13 +9475,20 @@ os_sendfile_impl(PyObject *module, int out_fd, int in_fd, PyObject *offobj,

+    off_t original_offset = offset;
    do {
        ret = sendfile(out_fd, in_fd, &offset, count);
    } while (ret < 0 && errno == EINTR && !(async_err = PyErr_CheckSignals()));
-    if (ret < 0)
-        return (!async_err) ? posix_error() : NULL;
+    if (ret < 0) {
+       if (offset != original_offset) {
+           ret = offset - original_offset;
+       }
+       else {
+           return (!async_err) ? posix_error() : NULL;
+       }
+    }
    return Py_BuildValue("n", ret);

If it's verified to be a good change I'm happy to resubmit it in a PR with appropriate illumos-specific #ifndefs.

Date User Action Args
2020-11-04 18:39:26jstasiaksetrecipients: + jstasiak, wiedi
2020-11-04 18:39:26jstasiaksetmessageid: <>
2020-11-04 18:39:26jstasiaklinkissue42237 messages
2020-11-04 18:39:25jstasiakcreate