Author jonathanunderwood
Recipients jonathanunderwood, r.david.murray, serhiy.storchaka
Date 2017-12-27.19:00:17
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Actually the commentary at the top of bytesobject.c for PyBytes_FromStringAndSize says:

"... If `str' is NULL then PyBytes_FromStringAndSize() will allocate `size+1' bytes (setting the last byte to the null terminating character)... "

So, perhaps that's as close to gospel as it gets - this does imply that bytes objects are expected to be null terminated. Why PyBytesAsString then adds an extra null terminator is a bit of a mystery.

Perhaps what's needed is some documentation clarifications:

1/ State early on that bytes objects are always expected to be null terminated.

2/ As such, the string pointer returned by PyBytes_AsString will point to a null terminated string - I think the current docs could be misinterpreted to suggest that _AsString *adds* an extra byte for the null, which it doesn't.

3/ Document that using Py_SIZE to reduce the length of a bytes object is dangerous, because the null terminator will be lost, and subsequent behaviour undefined.

4/ Document that the preferred way to resize is to use PyBytes_FromStringAndSize with a new size.

5/ Indicate clearly that _PyBytes_Resize is not a public interface and its use is discouraged in favour of PyBytes_FromStringAndSize
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