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Author mjpieters
Recipients docs@python, mjpieters
Date 2015-04-04.10:57:46
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The documentation implies that *any* of the container ABCs can be used in an issubclass test against a class that implements all abstract methods:

> These ABCs allow us to ask classes or instances if they provide particular functionality [...]

In reality this only applies to the "One Trick Ponies" (term from PEP 3119, things like Container and Iterable, those classes with one or two methods). It fails for the compound container ABCs:

>>> from import Sequence, Container, Sized
>>> class MySequence(object):
...     def __contains__(self, item): pass
...     def __len__(self): pass
...     def __iter__(self): pass
...     def __getitem__(self, index): pass
...     def __len__(self): pass
>>> issubclass(MySequence, Container)
>>> issubclass(MySequence, Sized)
>>> issubclass(MySequence, Sequence)

That's because the One Trick Ponies implement a __subclasshook__ method that is locked to the specific class and returns NotImplemented for subclasses; for instance, the Iterable.__subclasshook__ implementation is:

    def __subclasshook__(cls, C):
        if cls is Iterable:
            if any("__iter__" in B.__dict__ for B in C.__mro__):
                return True
        return NotImplemented

The compound container classes build on top of the One Trick Ponies, so the class test will fail, NotImplemented is returned and the normal ABC tests for base classes that have been explicitly registered continues, but this won't include unregistered complete implementations.

Either the compound classes need their own __subclasshook__ implementations, or the documentation needs to be updated to make it clear that without explicit registrations the issubclass() (and isinstance()) tests only apply to the One Trick Ponies.
Date User Action Args
2015-04-04 10:57:47mjpieterssetrecipients: + mjpieters, docs@python
2015-04-04 10:57:47mjpieterssetmessageid: <>
2015-04-04 10:57:47mjpieterslinkissue23864 messages
2015-04-04 10:57:46mjpieterscreate