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Title: general pprint rewrite
Type: enhancement Stage:
Components: Library (Lib) Versions: Python 3.5
Status: open Resolution: later
Dependencies: Superseder:
Assigned To: Nosy List: Ezekiel.Fairfax, RazerM, abacabadabacaba, afoglia, akira, aronacher, astenberg, barry, belopolsky, dugres, eddygeek, eric.araujo, eric.snow, ezio.melotti, georg.brandl, giampaolo.rodola, gwrtheyrn, jackdied, lukasz.langa, ncoghlan, pitrou, rhettinger, santoso.wijaya, serhiy.storchaka, ssc
Priority: low Keywords:

Created on 2009-12-04 16:32 by afoglia, last changed 2022-04-11 14:56 by admin.

File name Uploaded Description Edit rhettinger, 2010-12-01 01:13 Technique for attaching handlers.
Messages (18)
msg95968 - (view) Author: Anthony Foglia (afoglia) Date: 2009-12-04 16:32
It would be nice if pprint could format namedtuples wrapping lines as it
does with tuples.

Looking at the code, this does not look like an easy task.  Completely
rewriting pprint to allow it to be extensible to user-created classes
would be best, but involve a ton of work.  Simple making all named
tuples derive from a named tuple base class (itself derived from tuple)
would be simpler, albeit more of a hack.
msg95983 - (view) Author: Raymond Hettinger (rhettinger) * (Python committer) Date: 2009-12-05 07:41
I agree with you that pprint needs to be rewritten to make it more

I do not see a straight-forward way of handling your feature request.

First, namedtuple() is a factory function and is not itself a class, so
there is no standard way to recognize one.  Essentially, a named tuple
is concept (any class that supported both sequence behavior and
attribute access is a named tuple, for example the time structure is a
named tuple but not created by the collections.namedtuple() factory
function, instead is a C structseq which has substantially similar
characteristics).  This means that pprint has no reliable way to tell if
one of its arguments is a named tuple.

Second, collections.namedtuple() is intentionally designed to let the
user override the default __repr__() method (see an example in the
namedtuple docs).  That means that pprint cannot know in advance how a
named tuple is supposed to display.

At best, I can imagine that pprint() grows the ability to print a
multi-line repr (as specified by the object itself) but indented to a
level controlled by pprint().  The pprint() function would scan the repr
for newlines and replace them with a newline followed by the appropriate
number of spaces.

For example:

>>> class Point(namedtuple('Point', 'x y z')):
...     'Point with a multi-line repr'
...     def __repr__(self):
...         return 'Point(\n      x=%r,\n      y=%r,\n      z=%r\n    
)' % self

>>> Point(3,4,5)

>>> pprint([Point(3,4,5), Point(6,7,8)])

Alternatively, the pprint module could introduce a new magic method to
support multi-line reprs when the repr itself it too long fit in a
single line:

class MyList(list):
...     def  __multirepr__(self):
...         'Return a list of strings to pprint'
...         return Multi(head = 'Mylist([',
...                      body = [str(x).upper() for x in self],
...                      tail = '])

>>> pprint(MyList(['now', 'is', 'the', 'time', 'for']), width=15)

In summary, there are several ways to approach this problem but they are
centered on building-out pprint(), not on changing collections.namedtuple().
msg96011 - (view) Author: Antoine Pitrou (pitrou) * (Python committer) Date: 2009-12-05 22:11
You could make all namedtuples inherit from a common base class, e.g.
msg96014 - (view) Author: Raymond Hettinger (rhettinger) * (Python committer) Date: 2009-12-06 01:15
We need a more generic solution that allows multi-line reprs for a
variety of types.  Here is an example that doesn't involve named tuples:

>>> pprint(s, width=15)
[OrderedDict([('x', 30000000000), ('y', 4000000000), ('z', 5000000000)]),
 OrderedDict([('x', 6000000000), ('y', 70000000), ('z', 8000000000)])]

What we want is to have it print like regular dictionaries do:

>>> pprint([dict(p) for p in s], width=15)
[{'x': 30000000000,
  'y': 4000000000,
  'z': 5000000000},
 {'x': 6000000000,
  'y': 70000000,
  'z': 8000000000}]

It would also be nice if pprint could accept arguments telling it how to
format various types:

>>> pprint(s, width=15, format={int: '15,'})
[{'x': ' 30,000,000,000',
  'y': '  4,000,000,000',
  'z': '  5,000,000,000'},
 {'x': '  6,000,000,000',
  'y': '     70,000,000',
  'z': '  8,000,000,000'}]
msg99530 - (view) Author: Benjamin Peterson (benjamin.peterson) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-02-18 21:29
Sorry for the noise...
msg99534 - (view) Author: Raymond Hettinger (rhettinger) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-02-18 21:53
Will ponder this a bit more but will likely close this specific request (leaving open the possibility of a more general rewrite of pprint).
msg99554 - (view) Author: Antoine Pitrou (pitrou) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-02-19 03:32
Could something like a generic __pprint__ hook achieve this?
msg118516 - (view) Author: Łukasz Langa (lukasz.langa) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-10-13 12:23
I would like to work on that. Expect a patch soon.

Georg, Fred, I've added you to nosy because you're the ones watching over me currently. Bare with me :)
msg122037 - (view) Author: Raymond Hettinger (rhettinger) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-11-22 00:14
Deferring the general rewrite until 3.3.
It would need to have a lot of people look
at it and evaluate it.  I no longer think
there is time for that before the 3.2 beta.
msg122968 - (view) Author: Raymond Hettinger (rhettinger) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-12-01 01:13
Attaching a rough concept of how to make the existing pprint module extendible without doing a total rewrite.  The actual handler is currently bogus (no thought out), so focus on the @guard decorator and the technique for scanning for handlers.
msg138818 - (view) Author: Raymond Hettinger (rhettinger) * (Python committer) Date: 2011-06-22 11:03
Link to Armin's work on a pprint improvement based on a Ruby pprint tool:
msg189750 - (view) Author: Łukasz Langa (lukasz.langa) * (Python committer) Date: 2013-05-21 13:18
For the record, my class-based approach from 2010 still available here:
msg207287 - (view) Author: Nick Coghlan (ncoghlan) * (Python committer) Date: 2014-01-04 14:46
With PEP 443 added for Python 3.4, I believe Łukasz intended to pursue a new pprint implementation based on functools.singledispatch.

That has obviously missed feature freeze for Python 3.4, but it's still a reasonable idea to pursue for 3.5.

In addition to OrderedDict (mentioned above) and defaultdict (which was mentioned in issue 5131), an updated pprint would also allow us to add support for the new dict view types, collections.deque, etc.

Ideally, we'd also have a standard lazy import mechanism in 3.5, so these definitions could go in the collections module, but only installed if pprint was also imported. Otherwise, having pprint depend on collections would likely be preferable to having the dependency run the other way.
msg207299 - (view) Author: Antoine Pitrou (pitrou) * (Python committer) Date: 2014-01-04 18:28
> Ideally, we'd also have a standard lazy import mechanism in 3.5, so these definitions could go in the collections module, but only installed if pprint was also imported.

That sounds more like an on-import hook than a lazy import mechanism, no?
msg207300 - (view) Author: Antoine Pitrou (pitrou) * (Python committer) Date: 2014-01-04 18:28
Oops... no, it's not easy.
msg207301 - (view) Author: Antoine Pitrou (pitrou) * (Python committer) Date: 2014-01-04 18:29
Ok, so why did Roundup add the easy keyword and doesn't want to remove it?
msg218873 - (view) Author: Akira Li (akira) * Date: 2014-05-21 13:27
Related issue #21542: pprint support for multiline collections.Counter
msg283212 - (view) Author: Louis Riviere (dugres) Date: 2016-12-14 18:53
I've made a Pretty Printer and I'd like to know if anybody thinks it could of some help here. (I do)

It's easily extensible and customizable to support any type in any way.
Date User Action Args
2022-04-11 14:56:55adminsetgithub: 51683
2016-12-15 07:42:40astenbergsetnosy: + astenberg
2016-12-14 18:53:20dugressetnosy: + dugres
messages: + msg283212
2016-12-13 09:49:43RazerMsetnosy: + RazerM
2015-02-03 18:44:43fdrakesetnosy: - fdrake
2015-02-02 06:33:46Ezekiel.Fairfaxsetnosy: + Ezekiel.Fairfax
2014-09-19 17:47:07eddygeeksetnosy: + eddygeek
2014-05-22 22:44:39rhettingerlinkissue21542 superseder
2014-05-21 13:27:44akirasetnosy: + akira
messages: + msg218873
2014-01-04 18:35:50ezio.melottisetkeywords: - easy
2014-01-04 18:29:14pitrousetmessages: + msg207301
2014-01-04 18:28:50pitrousetmessages: + msg207300
2014-01-04 18:28:22pitrousetkeywords: + easy

messages: + msg207299
2014-01-04 14:46:57ncoghlansetnosy: + ncoghlan

messages: + msg207287
versions: + Python 3.5, - Python 3.4
2014-01-04 14:43:42ncoghlanlinkissue5131 superseder
2013-11-17 21:44:15abacabadabacabasetnosy: + abacabadabacaba
2013-10-01 15:25:26ezio.melottisetnosy: + serhiy.storchaka
2013-07-12 06:31:40rhettingersetassignee: rhettinger ->
2013-06-25 16:43:14eric.snowsetnosy: + eric.snow
2013-05-21 13:23:48barrysetnosy: + barry
2013-05-21 13:18:33lukasz.langasetmessages: + msg189750
versions: + Python 3.4, - Python 3.3
2013-05-21 13:17:11lukasz.langasetmessages: - msg138819
2013-01-06 01:43:39gwrtheyrnsetnosy: + gwrtheyrn
2012-06-25 04:45:46rhettingerlinkissue10592 superseder
2011-12-15 17:20:29giampaolo.rodolasetnosy: + giampaolo.rodola
2011-09-21 03:51:48sscsetnosy: + ssc
2011-09-20 08:33:57ncoghlanlinkissue13004 dependencies
2011-09-20 03:35:50santoso.wijayasetnosy: + santoso.wijaya
2011-06-22 11:12:45lukasz.langasetmessages: + msg138819
2011-06-22 11:03:19rhettingersetmessages: + msg138818
2011-06-22 11:02:27rhettingersetnosy: + aronacher
2010-12-01 08:34:26eric.araujounlinkissue10592 superseder
2010-12-01 01:13:17rhettingersetfiles: +

messages: + msg122968
2010-12-01 00:56:57eric.araujolinkissue10592 superseder
2010-11-22 00:14:01rhettingersetresolution: later
messages: + msg122037
versions: + Python 3.3, - Python 3.2
2010-11-10 20:14:55eric.araujosetnosy: + eric.araujo
2010-11-10 18:55:39belopolskysetnosy: + belopolsky
2010-11-05 21:20:01ezio.melottisetnosy: + ezio.melotti
2010-10-13 12:23:18lukasz.langasetnosy: + fdrake, georg.brandl, lukasz.langa
title: pprint doesn't know how to print a namedtuple -> general pprint rewrite
messages: + msg118516

versions: - Python 2.7
2010-02-19 03:32:48pitrousetmessages: + msg99554
2010-02-18 21:53:09rhettingersetpriority: low
assignee: rhettinger
messages: + msg99534

versions: + Python 2.7, Python 3.2, - Python 2.6
2010-02-18 21:29:41benjamin.petersonsetnosy: - benjamin.peterson
2010-02-18 21:29:29benjamin.petersonsetnosy: + benjamin.peterson
messages: + msg99530
2010-02-18 21:29:16benjamin.petersonsetassignee: rhettinger -> (no value)
2010-02-18 21:29:03benjamin.petersonsetassignee: rhettinger
2010-02-18 21:18:28jackdiedsetnosy: + jackdied
2009-12-06 01:15:43rhettingersetmessages: + msg96014
2009-12-05 22:11:59pitrousetnosy: + pitrou
messages: + msg96011
2009-12-05 07:41:19rhettingersetassignee: rhettinger -> (no value)
messages: + msg95983
2009-12-04 16:37:58benjamin.petersonsetassignee: rhettinger

nosy: + rhettinger
2009-12-04 16:32:41afogliacreate