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Title: ctypes: wrong calling convention for _string_at
Type: crash Stage:
Components: Library (Lib) Versions: Python 3.0, Python 2.6, Python 2.5
Status: closed Resolution: duplicate
Dependencies: Superseder:
Assigned To: theller Nosy List: theller, vstinner
Priority: normal Keywords: patch

Created on 2008-09-18 14:22 by vstinner, last changed 2022-04-11 14:56 by admin. This issue is now closed.

File name Uploaded Description Edit
ctypes_string_at.patch vstinner, 2008-09-18 14:22 Fix _string_at() calling convention: PYFUNCPTR() => CFUNCPTR()
Messages (3)
msg73385 - (view) Author: STINNER Victor (vstinner) * (Python committer) Date: 2008-09-18 14:22
Our application server running on top of Twisted crashs 1 to 3 times 
per day. It uses a ctypes binding for libnetfilter_conntrack (dump 
Linux conntrack table) which is running in a dedicated thread. So we 
 - Python 2.5.2
 - Twisted 8.1.0-3
 - Linux 2.6.26-1-amd64 SMP x86_64

The crash does not occur in the "ctypes" thread but it the main thread 
(another CPython thread). The backtrace is incoherent which means that 
it's a multithreading problem. So I used helgrind (Valgrind tool) to 
watch invalid memory accesses, and here is one:

==30545== Possible data race during write of size 4 at 0x4EC1E60
==30545==    at 0x808F616: PyString_FromStringAndSize 
==30545==    by 0x4D3CBD9: string_at (_ctypes.c:4568)
==30545==    by 0x4D4654E: ffi_call_SYSV (sysv.S:60)
==30545==    by 0x4D46396: ffi_call (ffi.c:221)
==30545==    by 0x4D3E9F1: _call_function_pointer (callproc.c:668)
==30545==    by 0x4D3F147: _CallProc (callproc.c:991)
==30545==    by 0x4D3B0DA: CFuncPtr_call (_ctypes.c:3373)
==30545==    by 0x8060E0A: PyObject_Call (abstract.c:1861)
==30545==    by 0x80CB391: do_call (ceval.c:3784)
==30545==    by 0x80CAD69: call_function (ceval.c:3596)
==30545==    by 0x80C7B6F: PyEval_EvalFrameEx (ceval.c:2272)
==30545==    by 0x80C9329: PyEval_EvalCodeEx (ceval.c:2836)
==30545==   Old state: shared-readonly by threads #1, #4
==30545==   New state: shared-modified by threads #1, #4
==30545==   Reason:    this thread, #1, holds no consistent locks
==30545==   Location 0x4EC1E60 has never been protected by any lock

In _CallProc() the test ((flags & FUNCFLAG_PYTHONAPI) == 0) is True, 
which means that the GIL is released. But it's a bug because as you 
can see, string_at() uses PyString_FromStringAndSize() which requires 
the GIL!

Finally, the bug comes from ctypes module, not _ctypes: ctypes just 
uses the wrong calling convention. Using PYFUNCPTR() instead of 
CFUNCPTR(), the Helgrind warning goes away ;-)

Note about Helgrind: This tools really rocks!!!
msg73389 - (view) Author: Thomas Heller (theller) * (Python committer) Date: 2008-09-18 16:16
This is already fixed in SVN, see issue #3554.
msg73390 - (view) Author: STINNER Victor (vstinner) * (Python committer) Date: 2008-09-18 16:19
> This is already fixed in SVN, see issue #3554

Oh... cool because next release will fix it, and fuck because it took 
me hours to found this bug...
Date User Action Args
2022-04-11 14:56:39adminsetgithub: 48150
2008-09-18 16:19:39vstinnersetmessages: + msg73390
2008-09-18 16:16:43thellersetstatus: open -> closed
assignee: theller
messages: + msg73389
resolution: duplicate
nosy: + theller
2008-09-18 14:22:26vstinnersettype: crash
2008-09-18 14:22:18vstinnercreate