Author JEphron
Recipients JEphron
Date 2021-06-09.04:20:29
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Message-id <1623212429.94.0.967649002759.issue44356@roundup.psfhosted.org>
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Prior to 3.8 it was possible to create "abstract" enums (without members) and mix them together. To motivate with an example, perhaps we're modeling an API and want to be robust in the face of inconsistent casing


class CaseInsensitiveStrEnum(str, Enum):
    @classmethod
    def _missing_(cls, value):
        for member in cls._member_map_.values():
            if member._value_.lower() == value.lower():
                return member
        return super()._missing_(value)


and perhaps we also want to be robust in response to extensibility


class LenientStrEnum(str, Enum):
    @classmethod
    def _missing_(cls, value):
        logger.warning(
            f"[{cls.__name__}] encountered an unknown value!\n"
            f"Luckily I'm a LenientStrEnum, so I won't crash just yet.\n"
            f"You might want to add a new case though.\n"
            f"Value was: '{value}'"
        )
        return UnexpectedStr(value)


but we also want to model some known good set of values, so mixing together the abstract enums we'd get something like


class JobStatus(CaseInsensitiveStrEnum, LenientStrEnum):
    ACTIVE = "active"
    PENDING = "pending"
    TERMINATED = "terminated"

However, due to the resolution of https://bugs.python.org/issue39587 this no longer works, instead producing:

TypeError: 'JobStatus': too many data types: [<class 'str'>, <class 'str'>]


The relevant change is

https://github.com/ethanfurman/cpython/commit/bff01f3a3aac0c15fe8fbe8b2f561f7927d117a1

I believe that if we made `data_types` a set rather than a list then the example would become valid once again.
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2021-06-09 04:20:29JEphronsetrecipients: + JEphron
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