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Author jmccabe
Recipients jmccabe
Date 2021-01-08.12:46:10
SpamBayes Score -1.0
Marked as misclassified Yes
Message-id <>
I've built an application using tkinter (see below). I'm fairly new to tkinter, despite having substantial software experience (33 years), so the layout might be a bit odd/wrong, and the example obviously doesn't follow PEP-8 guidelines, however...

Basically this application (which is a bit more than minimal, but should be easy to follow) is designed to manage pairs of text values as JSON, saving/loading from a file. When it starts, the user is asked if they want to read in an existing file of data; if they select NO, a fairly empty frame with 3 buttons showing "+", "Save" and "Quit" is displayed.

At this point, if "+" is pressed, a new row with two labels and two Entry widgets is added to the frame.

However (and this is the problem which appears to be identical to that reported in Issue #9673), it is not possible to set focus into either of the Entry widgets on Windows 10; there is no problem doing this on Ubuntu 16.04 (although I've only got Python 3.5 on there)

If the "Save" button is then pressed, a message box pops up telling the use that no changes have been saved. Once OK has been pressed on that, it becomes possible to set focus into the Entry widgets.

One of the problems with Issue #9673 was that no 'minimal' example was provided showing this behaviour, and the very minimal example given in doesn't exhibit the problem, hence the example below being a bit more than minimal, while still not being particularly complicated.


import os
import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import filedialog, messagebox
import json

class Application(tk.Frame):

    def __init__(self, master):
        self.master = master
        self.originalJson = {}
        self.inFileName = ""
        self.leftRightEntries = []
        self.fileDlgOpts = { "initialdir"       : os.getcwd(),
                             "initialfile"      : "file.json",
                             "filetypes"        : (("JSON File", "*.json"), ("All Files","*.*")),
                             "defaultextension" : '.json',
                             "title"            : "Select A File" }

    def openInFile(self):
        fileName = ""
        reuse = tk.messagebox.askquestion("Use An Existing File", "Do you want to load and use an existing file?")
        if reuse == "yes":
            fileName = tk.filedialog.askopenfilename(**self.fileDlgOpts)
            if fileName is not "":
                    with open(fileName, 'r') as json_file:
                        self.originalJson = json.load(json_file)
                except Exception:
                    tk.messagebox.showerror("Use An Existing File", "File could not be loaded; continuing without one.")
                    fileName = ""
                tk.messagebox.showwarning("Use An Existing File", "No existing file specified; continuing without one.")

        return fileName

    def createWidgets(self):
        self.inFileName = self.openInFile()

        # We add the buttons to some huge numbered row because we might want to insert more
        # rows, and the layout manager will collapse everything in between. Also we
        # add these first because of the way the tab order is set up
        self.addBtn = tk.Button(self.master, text = "+", command = self.addNew)
        self.addBtn.grid(row = 100, column = 0, sticky = tk.W)

        # Save button; pretty self-explanatory
        self.saveBtn = tk.Button(self.master, text = "Save", command =
        self.saveBtn.grid(row = 100, column = 2, sticky = tk.W)

        # Quit button; pretty self-explanatory
        self.quitBtn = tk.Button(self.master, text = "QUIT", fg = "red", command = self.quit)
        self.quitBtn.grid(row = 100, column = 3, sticky = tk.E)

        # If there is original json, work through each key and put the fields on the display
        rowNum = 0
        for leftText in sorted(self.originalJson.keys()):
            self.insertRow(rowNum, leftText);
            rowNum = rowNum + 1

        self.nextEmptyRow = rowNum


    def redoPadding(self):
        for child in self.master.winfo_children():
            child.grid_configure(padx = 5, pady = 5)

    def focusNextWidget(self, event):

    def insertRow(self, rowNum, initialLeft = None):
        tk.Label(self.master, height = 1, text = "Left: ").grid(row = rowNum, column = 0, sticky = tk.W)
        leftBox = tk.Entry(self.master, width = 20)
        leftBox.grid(row = rowNum, column = 1, sticky = tk.W)
        leftBox.bind("<Tab>", self.focusNextWidget)
        if initialLeft is not None:
            leftBox.insert(tk.END, initialLeft)
        tk.Label(self.master, height = 1, text = "Right: ").grid(row = rowNum, column = 2, sticky = tk.W)
        rightBox = tk.Entry(self.master, width = 20)
        rightBox.grid(row = rowNum, column = 3, sticky = tk.W)
        rightBox.bind("<Tab>", self.focusNextWidget)
        if initialLeft is not None:
            rightBox.insert(tk.END, initialLeft)
        self.leftRightEntries.append((leftBox, rightBox))

    def addNew(self):
        # Add a new row before the button
        self.nextEmptyRow = self.nextEmptyRow + 1

    def getCurrent(self):
        # Work through the rows and check stuff
        current = {}
        for (leftEntry, rightEntry) in self.leftRightEntries:
            leftText = leftEntry.get()
            rightText = rightEntry.get()
            if leftText == "" and rightText == "":
            elif leftText == "":
                print("No leftText specified for rightText [{}]".format(rightText))
            elif rightText == "":
                print("No rightText specified for leftText [{}]".format(leftText))
                print("lefText: {}, rightText: {}".format(leftText, rightText))
                current[leftText] = rightText
        return current

    def save(self):
        # Get the current values, and then dump the new json to a file, if it's changed!
        finalResult = self.getCurrent()
        if finalResult != self.originalJson:
            if self.inFileName == "":
                self.inFileName = tk.filedialog.asksaveasfilename(**self.fileDlgOpts)

            if self.inFileName != "":
                with open(self.inFileName, 'w') as json_file:
                    json.dump(finalResult, json_file, indent = 4)
                    self.originalJson = finalResult
                tk.messagebox.showinfo("Save Data", "Data saved to {}".format(self.inFileName))
                tk.messagebox.showwarning("Save Data", "Data has not been saved; no file name was supplied!")
            tk.messagebox.showwarning("Save Data", "Data has not been saved; there are no changes")

    def quit(self):
        # Deal with quitting when the file's been modified, check original vs current JSON
        reallyQuit = True
        finalResult = self.getCurrent()
        if finalResult != self.originalJson:
            answer = tk.messagebox.askquestion("Quit", "Data has changed; do you really want to quit?", icon = "warning")
            if answer != "yes":
                reallyQuit = False

        if reallyQuit:

if __name__ == "__main__":
    root = tk.Tk()
    root.title("Inactive Entry Example")
    app = Application(root)
    root.protocol("WM_DELETE_WINDOW", app.quit)
Date User Action Args
2021-01-08 12:46:13jmccabesetrecipients: + jmccabe
2021-01-08 12:46:13jmccabesetmessageid: <>
2021-01-08 12:46:12jmccabelinkissue42867 messages
2021-01-08 12:46:10jmccabecreate