Title: PEP 563: Should the behavior change for yield/yield from's
Type: Stage:
Components: Versions:
Status: open Resolution:
Dependencies: Superseder:
Assigned To: Nosy List: BTaskaya, Mark.Shannon, gvanrossum, larry, lys.nikolaou, pablogsal, serhiy.storchaka
Priority: normal Keywords:

Created on 2020-12-23 13:28 by BTaskaya, last changed 2021-01-18 20:09 by gvanrossum.

Messages (21)
msg383647 - (view) Author: Batuhan Taskaya (BTaskaya) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-23 13:28
Since the annotations are processed just like all other expressions in the symbol table, the generated entries for functions etc. This would result with 

def foo():
    for number in range(5):
        foo: (yield number)
    return number


returning a generator / coroutine (depending on yield/yield from/await usage). Is this something we want to keep or maybe tweak the symbol table generator to not to handle annotations (since there are also more subtle issues regarding analysis of cell / free vars).
msg383655 - (view) Author: Guido van Rossum (gvanrossum) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-23 19:35
Ouch.  I think we should generate a SyntaxError if yield [from] is used in an annotation.
msg383659 - (view) Author: Batuhan Taskaya (BTaskaya) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-23 20:41
This is another side effect of processing annotations (at the symbol table construction stage) (and I would assume there are a few more cases like this);

def foo():
    outer_var = 1

    def bar():
        inner_var: outer_var = T
    return bar

inner = foo()

In theory, there shouldn't be any cells / references to the variables from outer scope, but since we process the entry for the annotation and record `outer_var` as a free var it is listed here.
msg383660 - (view) Author: Guido van Rossum (gvanrossum) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-23 20:45
The difference is that that just causes a slight inefficiency, while processing 'yield' makes the function a generator. So I don't feel as strongly about that.
msg383661 - (view) Author: Batuhan Taskaya (BTaskaya) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-23 21:09
> So I don't feel as strongly about that.

Just to note, since I believe the solution for all this might be the same (not processing annotations at all, since they will be compiled to strings in the later stage). If we go down on that route, it will be simpler but we won't be able to raise SyntaxError's for "a: (yield)" / "b: (await/yield from x)". 

By the way, this is what happens if you try to use get_type_hints on a function where an argument is (yield):

>>> typing.get_type_hints(a)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.10/", line 537, in __init__
    code = compile(arg, '<string>', 'eval')
  File "<string>", line 1
SyntaxError: 'yield' outside function

During handling of the above exception, another exception occurred:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.10/", line 1490, in get_type_hints
    value = ForwardRef(value)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.10/", line 539, in __init__
    raise SyntaxError(f"Forward reference must be an expression -- got {arg!r}")
SyntaxError: Forward reference must be an expression -- got '(yield)'
msg383662 - (view) Author: Guido van Rossum (gvanrossum) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-23 21:19
If we simply ignored yield in the annotation, wouldn't we have the problem that

def f(a: (yield)): pass

silently changes from being a generator (in 3.9) to not being a generator (in 3.10)? That would be bad. I'd rather make this an error still. (But for nonlocals, not processing sounds fine.)
msg383686 - (view) Author: Lysandros Nikolaou (lys.nikolaou) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-24 12:44
I concur with Guido. I feel that making this an error is the best alternative we have.
msg383693 - (view) Author: Guido van Rossum (gvanrossum) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-24 16:59
Okay, let's do it. It should probably a post-parse check (before we invoke the bytecode compiler but after we have the AST in hand).
msg383730 - (view) Author: Batuhan Taskaya (BTaskaya) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-25 09:33
I have a patch ready to go, but I'd prefer to block this issue until issue 42737 is resolved/decided.
msg383812 - (view) Author: Batuhan Taskaya (BTaskaya) * (Python committer) Date: 2020-12-26 17:46
One thing to note here, currently Pablo and I are trying to bring annotation unparsing from the compiler to the parser in issue 41967. If we do so, the annotations won't cause any side effects on the symbol table generation.
msg384483 - (view) Author: Mark Shannon (Mark.Shannon) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-06 10:12
I've also opened #42837 which is about fixing the symbol table, so that it is correct w.r.t. to current behavior.

I'd like to fix it ASAP as the compiler should be able to rely on the symbol table being correct.

Of course, once we have decided what the behavior should be, then it may need to be updated again.

I'm inclined to agree that 'yield' in an annotation should probably be a syntax error, but I haven't put much thought into to.
msg384508 - (view) Author: Guido van Rossum (gvanrossum) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-06 15:38
Yield in an annotation should be a syntax error.
msg384580 - (view) Author: Mark Shannon (Mark.Shannon) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-07 11:42
What's the process for making a decision on whether to make 'yield' in an annotation a syntax error?

As a language change it should have a PEP, IMO.
The PEP will be short, and shouldn't need a long-winded acceptance process.
I just think that a PEP is more visible to the community than the bug tracker.

I'm happy to write the PEP.
msg384589 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-07 14:39
Should not "await" and "async for" (in comprehesions) and ":=" be forbidden too?
msg384602 - (view) Author: Guido van Rossum (gvanrossum) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-07 21:07
I wouldn’t have thought you’d need a PEP for this but if you want to write one that sounds like the right thing.

Re: async and walrus: I think those are different, their presence doesn’t affect the meaning of the function like yield. We can’t hope to prevent side effects syntactically.
msg384617 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-07 22:44
Does not walrus affect the meaning of variable? And await affects the meaning of generator expression.
msg384638 - (view) Author: Guido van Rossum (gvanrossum) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-08 05:59
Oh, you’re right about walrus. And I don’t actually understand async generator expressions.

This suggests that we definitely need a PEP. :-)
msg385203 - (view) Author: Mark Shannon (Mark.Shannon) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-18 15:57
Draft PEP here

Guido, would you like to be co-author as it was your idea to make these things a syntax error?
msg385210 - (view) Author: Guido van Rossum (gvanrossum) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-18 18:07
It'll probably be quicker if you leave me out of the loop (feel free to quote me though). I am currently quite overwhelmed with PEP-sized discussions. I expect that the SC can rule on this quickly (just use their tracker to send them the PEP).
msg385217 - (view) Author: Batuhan Taskaya (BTaskaya) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-18 18:38
> The use of nonlocal variables in an annotation will be a syntax error in Python 3.10

What is the reasoning for forbidding nonlocal variables (, can't we just treat them like regular variables and leave the value to whom needed to deal with resolving the scope? 

Also, you should preferably clarify other cases regarding the symbol table interaction of annotations. For example this case:

Here is one;
class T:
    def foo(self):
        a: super().bar() = x

And if we are on the road to writing a PEP, maybe we should somehow squeeze issue 42737 somewhere, since the annotations for complex targets are still evaluated and this makes everything a bit problematic and inconsistent. If you need collaboration on the PEP, just let me know ( (I have a patch ready to go for the symbol table to both make annotations ineffective and forbid this stuff but was waiting for issue 42737)
msg385223 - (view) Author: Guido van Rossum (gvanrossum) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-01-18 20:09
I'm not keen on prohibiting nonlocal variable reference in annotations,
since I can imagine uses for this (e.g. in tests). I'm not too worried
about keeping the cell alive "forever", since with Larry's PEP 649 their
lifetime would end when the object containing the annotation ends.

Someone should look into how Batuhan's super()-in-annotation example would
behave under Larry's PEP 649. (Using super() in the magical function Larry
proposes to generate might not work anyway, since super()'s own magical
powers don't work in a nested function.)

Re: issue42737, not sure what to do for that, since neither PEP 563 nor PEP
649 gives a way to access those annotations. Then again, that's also true
for annotations on local variables. So maybe we can treat them the same?
Type checkers won't care, and runtime uses of annotations (whether as type
hints or otherwise) won't have access......
Date User Action Args
2021-01-18 20:09:59gvanrossumsetmessages: + msg385223
2021-01-18 18:38:18BTaskayasetmessages: + msg385217
2021-01-18 18:07:38gvanrossumsetmessages: + msg385210
2021-01-18 15:57:23Mark.Shannonsetmessages: + msg385203
2021-01-08 05:59:05gvanrossumsetmessages: + msg384638
2021-01-07 22:44:26serhiy.storchakasetmessages: + msg384617
2021-01-07 21:07:44gvanrossumsetmessages: + msg384602
2021-01-07 14:39:28serhiy.storchakasetnosy: + serhiy.storchaka
messages: + msg384589
2021-01-07 11:42:48Mark.Shannonsetnosy: + larry
messages: + msg384580
2021-01-06 15:38:20gvanrossumsetmessages: + msg384508
2021-01-06 10:12:29Mark.Shannonsetnosy: + Mark.Shannon
messages: + msg384483
2021-01-06 10:05:22Mark.Shannonunlinkissue42837 superseder
2021-01-06 09:59:23serhiy.storchakalinkissue42837 superseder
2020-12-26 17:46:24BTaskayasetnosy: + pablogsal
messages: + msg383812
2020-12-25 09:33:24BTaskayasetmessages: + msg383730
2020-12-24 16:59:15gvanrossumsetmessages: + msg383693
2020-12-24 12:44:42lys.nikolaousetmessages: + msg383686
2020-12-23 21:19:59gvanrossumsetmessages: + msg383662
2020-12-23 21:09:33BTaskayasetmessages: + msg383661
2020-12-23 20:45:23gvanrossumsetmessages: + msg383660
2020-12-23 20:41:34BTaskayasetmessages: + msg383659
2020-12-23 19:35:14gvanrossumsetnosy: + lys.nikolaou
2020-12-23 19:35:04gvanrossumsetmessages: + msg383655
2020-12-23 13:28:51BTaskayacreate