classification
Title: FunctionType.__new__ can generate functions that immediately crash
Type: crash Stage:
Components: Interpreter Core Versions: Python 3.7, Python 3.6, Python 3.4, Python 3.5
process
Status: open Resolution:
Dependencies: Superseder:
Assigned To: Nosy List: bup, rhettinger, xtreak
Priority: normal Keywords:

Created on 2018-07-23 03:57 by bup, last changed 2018-07-25 06:48 by xtreak.

Messages (2)
msg322174 - (view) Author: Dan Snider (bup) * Date: 2018-07-23 03:57
The following program crashes on 3.3.1, 3.4.2, 3.5.2, and 3.6.1 because despite having a non-empty co_cellvars slot due to the generator object, the NOFREE flag was set. 3.7 isn't immune to some bad behavior here, either. 

While I only have access to 3.7.03b right now, I noted the assertion at the bottom failing because it appears CodeType.__new__ is silently stripping the NOFREE flag out, which is why it's highlighted as well.

Since the interpreter doesn't actually use FunctionType.__new__ it shouldn't hurt performance too much to add a check for when NOFREE is set that co_cellvars and co_freevars are indeed empty. Anyway, the code:

from functools import reduce
from itertools import repeat
from operator import or_
from types import FunctionType, CodeType

OPTIMIZED, NEWLOCALS, NOFREE = 1, 2, 64
FLAGS = [OPTIMIZED, NEWLOCALS, NOFREE]
fields=('argcount kwonlyargcount nlocals stacksize flags code consts '
'names varnames filename name firstlineno lnotab freevars cellvars').split()

def edit_code(code, *args, **kws):
    """Construct a new code object using `code` as a template"""

    params = []
    atrs = ('co_%s'%a for a in fields)
    kwds = map(kws.pop, fields, repeat(kws))
    for arg, kwv, k in zip(args, kwds, atrs):
        if kwv is not kws:
            raise TypeError("edit_code() got multiple parameters for %r"%k)
        params.append(arg)
    for kwv, atr in zip(kwds, atrs):
        params.append(kwv if kwv is not kws else getattr(code, atr))
    if kws:
        k, v = kws.popitem()
        raise TypeError("edit_code() got unexpected keyword argument %r"%k)
    return CodeType(*params)
        
def get_co_flags(flags):
    if isinstance(flags, FunctionType):
        flags = flags.__code__.co_flags
    elif isinstance(flags, CodeType):
        flags = flags.co_flags
    return reduce(or_, (i for i in FLAGS if flags & i))

if __name__ == '__main__':
    co = get_co_flags.__code__
    ns = get_co_flags.__globals__
    flags = co.co_flags
    assert flags == OPTIMIZED|NEWLOCALS
    assert NOFREE == 64
    a = FunctionType(edit_code(co, flags=flags), ns)
    b = FunctionType(edit_code(co, flags=flags|NOFREE), ns)
    # this assertion fails on 3.7.0b3
    assert b.__code__.co_flags == OPTIMIZED|NEWLOCALS|NOFREE
    print('calling a...')
    a(get_co_flags)
    t = input("Blow up the universe? y/n : ")
    if t != 'n':
        b(get_co_flags)
msg322338 - (view) Author: Karthikeyan Singaravelan (xtreak) * (Python committer) Date: 2018-07-25 06:48
The assertion also fails on master. I did some manual git blame work. The assertion passes with commit 7324b5ce8e7c031a0a3832a6a8d7c639111ae0ff. It fails with the next commit 078f1814f1a4413a2a0fdb8cf4490ee0fc98ef34 (https://bugs.python.org/issue32176) that has some changes with respect to CO_NOFREE. The change was released with 3.7.0a3 as noted in the comment (https://bugs.python.org/issue32176#msg307512) and hence the assertion should fail on 3.7.0b3 also.

# commit 7324b5c

➜  cpython git:(7324b5c) ✗ ./python
Python 3.7.0a2+ (v3.7.0a2-334-g7324b5c:7324b5c, Jul 25 2018, 06:34:52)
[GCC 5.4.0 20160609] on linux
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>
➜  cpython git:(7324b5c) ✗ ./python bpo34192.py
calling a...
Blow up the universe? y/n : n

# commit 078f181

➜  cpython git:(078f181) ✗ ./python
Python 3.7.0a2+ (v3.7.0a2-335-g078f181:078f181, Jul 25 2018, 06:36:32)
[GCC 5.4.0 20160609] on linux
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>
➜  cpython git:(078f181) ✗ ./python bpo34192.py
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "bpo34192.py", line 44, in <module>
    assert b.__code__.co_flags == OPTIMIZED|NEWLOCALS|NOFREE
AssertionError


Thanks
History
Date User Action Args
2018-07-25 06:48:34xtreaksetmessages: + msg322338
2018-07-24 17:09:29xtreaksetnosy: + xtreak
2018-07-23 06:20:01rhettingersetnosy: + rhettinger
2018-07-23 03:57:25bupcreate