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Title: Garbage Collector can cause Segfault whilst iterating dictionary items
Type: crash Stage: resolved
Components: Interpreter Core Versions: Python 3.4
Status: closed Resolution: fixed
Dependencies: Superseder:
Assigned To: larry Nosy List: JelleZijlstra, berker.peksag, jimwright, larry, serhiy.storchaka
Priority: normal Keywords:

Created on 2017-05-26 12:48 by jimwright, last changed 2022-04-11 14:58 by admin. This issue is now closed.

File name Uploaded Description Edit jimwright, 2017-05-26 12:48
Pull Requests
URL Status Linked Edit
PR 2248 serhiy.storchaka, 2017-06-16 15:03
Messages (8)
msg294548 - (view) Author: Jim Wright (jimwright) Date: 2017-05-26 12:48
We discovered this issue whilst using h5py (HDF5 python library) under python 3.5.2 on Ubuntu 16.04.2 x86_64.  The construct used is very dubious, and I will separately be raising an issue with the h5py team.  However I thought you might like to know there is a possible way to cause a segmentation violation using pure python.

There appears to be a new implementation of dictionaries in 3.6 vs 3.5, so I compiled up 3.6.1 and it also segfaults, but not so obviously related to the dictionary iteration (both stack traces are included below).

Regards, Jim.


$ cat 

class CyclicObject:
    def __init__(self, key, register):
        self.key = key
        self.self = self
        self.register = register
        self.register[self.key] = None

    def __del__(self):
        del self.register[self.key]

while True:
    register = { }
    objs = set([CyclicObject(i, register) for i in range(10000)])

    while len(objs) > 0:

        except RuntimeError as err:


$ python3 --version
Python 3.5.2

$ gdb --args python3
GNU gdb (Ubuntu 7.11.1-0ubuntu1~16.04) 7.11.1

(gdb) r
Starting program: /usr/bin/python3
[Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]
Using host libthread_db library "/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/".
dictionary changed size during iteration
dictionary changed size during iteration
dictionary changed size during iteration

Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
dictiter_iternextitem.lto_priv () at ../Objects/dictobject.c:3158
3158	../Objects/dictobject.c: No such file or directory.

(gdb) bt
#0  dictiter_iternextitem.lto_priv () at ../Objects/dictobject.c:3158
#1  0x000000000059f024 in listextend.lto_priv () at ../Objects/listobject.c:855
#2  0x000000000058fd1c in list_init.lto_priv () at ../Objects/listobject.c:2314
#3  0x000000000055d17c in type_call.lto_priv () at ../Objects/typeobject.c:905
#4  0x00000000005b7167 in PyObject_Call () at ../Objects/abstract.c:2165
#5  0x0000000000528d06 in do_call (nk=<optimised out>, na=<optimised out>, pp_stack=0x7fffffffd9b0, func=<optimised out>) at ../Python/ceval.c:4936
#6  call_function (oparg=<optimised out>, pp_stack=0x7fffffffd9b0) at ../Python/ceval.c:4732
#7  PyEval_EvalFrameEx () at ../Python/ceval.c:3236
#8  0x000000000052d2e3 in _PyEval_EvalCodeWithName () at ../Python/ceval.c:4018
#9  0x000000000052dfdf in PyEval_EvalCodeEx () at ../Python/ceval.c:4039
#10 PyEval_EvalCode (co=<optimised out>, globals=<optimised out>, locals=<optimised out>) at ../Python/ceval.c:777
#11 0x00000000005fd2c2 in run_mod () at ../Python/pythonrun.c:976
#12 0x00000000005ff76a in PyRun_FileExFlags () at ../Python/pythonrun.c:929
#13 0x00000000005ff95c in PyRun_SimpleFileExFlags () at ../Python/pythonrun.c:396
#14 0x000000000063e7d6 in run_file (p_cf=0x7fffffffdc20, filename=0xa73280 L"", fp=0xad19a0) at ../Modules/main.c:318
#15 Py_Main () at ../Modules/main.c:768
#16 0x00000000004cfe41 in main () at ../Programs/python.c:65
#17 0x00007ffff7811830 in __libc_start_main (main=0x4cfd60 <main>, argc=2, argv=0x7fffffffde38, init=<optimised out>, fini=<optimised out>, rtld_fini=<optimised out>, 
    stack_end=0x7fffffffde28) at ../csu/libc-start.c:291
#18 0x00000000005d5f29 in _start ()


$ ./python --version
Python 3.6.1

$ gdb --args ./python ./ 
GNU gdb (Ubuntu 7.11.1-0ubuntu1~16.04) 7.11.1

(gdb) r
Starting program: ./python ./
[Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]
Using host libthread_db library "/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/".
dictionary changed size during iteration
dictionary changed size during iteration
dictionary changed size during iteration
dictionary changed size during iteration
dictionary changed size during iteration

Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
_PyObject_Alloc (ctx=0x0, elsize=28, nelem=1, use_calloc=0) at Objects/obmalloc.c:1258
1258	            if ((pool->freeblock = *(block **)bp) != NULL) {

(gdb) bt
#0  _PyObject_Alloc (ctx=0x0, elsize=28, nelem=1, use_calloc=0) at Objects/obmalloc.c:1258
#1  _PyObject_Malloc (ctx=0x0, nbytes=28) at Objects/obmalloc.c:1437
#2  0x0000000000490732 in _PyLong_New (size=1) at Objects/longobject.c:196
#3  PyLong_FromLong (ival=<optimised out>) at Objects/longobject.c:254
#4  0x0000000000542fda in _PyEval_EvalFrameDefault (f=<optimised out>, throwflag=<optimised out>) at Python/ceval.c:3060
#5  0x000000000053d671 in PyEval_EvalFrameEx (throwflag=0, f=0x7ffff7fa1648) at Python/ceval.c:718
#6  _PyFunction_FastCall (co=<optimised out>, args=<optimised out>, nargs=1, globals=globals@entry=0x7ffff7f452d0) at Python/ceval.c:4880
#7  0x000000000053e521 in fast_function (kwnames=0x0, nargs=<optimised out>, stack=<optimised out>, func=0x7ffff7eae510) at Python/ceval.c:4915
#8  call_function (pp_stack=pp_stack@entry=0x7fffffffd920, oparg=oparg@entry=1, kwnames=kwnames@entry=0x0) at Python/ceval.c:4819
#9  0x0000000000542c17 in _PyEval_EvalFrameDefault (f=<optimised out>, throwflag=<optimised out>) at Python/ceval.c:3284
#10 0x000000000053e015 in PyEval_EvalFrameEx (throwflag=0, f=0x93a368) at Python/ceval.c:718
#11 _PyEval_EvalCodeWithName (_co=_co@entry=0x7ffff7ec26f0, globals=globals@entry=0x7ffff7f5e078, locals=locals@entry=0x7ffff7ec26f0, args=args@entry=0x0, 
    argcount=argcount@entry=0, kwnames=kwnames@entry=0x0, kwargs=0x8, kwcount=0, kwstep=2, defs=0x0, defcount=0, kwdefs=0x0, closure=0x0, name=0x0, qualname=0x0)
    at Python/ceval.c:4128
#12 0x000000000053ee43 in PyEval_EvalCodeEx (closure=0x0, kwdefs=0x0, defcount=0, defs=0x0, kwcount=0, kws=0x0, argcount=0, args=0x0, locals=locals@entry=0x7ffff7ec26f0, 
    globals=globals@entry=0x7ffff7f5e078, _co=_co@entry=0x7ffff7ec26f0) at Python/ceval.c:4149
#13 PyEval_EvalCode (co=co@entry=0x7ffff7ec26f0, globals=globals@entry=0x7ffff7f452d0, locals=locals@entry=0x7ffff7f452d0) at Python/ceval.c:695
#14 0x000000000042740f in run_mod (arena=0x7ffff7f5e078, flags=0x7fffffffdc00, locals=0x7ffff7f452d0, globals=0x7ffff7f452d0, filename=0x7ffff7e844f8, mod=0x933c28)
    at Python/pythonrun.c:980
#15 PyRun_FileExFlags (fp=0x93a350, filename_str=<optimised out>, start=<optimised out>, globals=0x7ffff7f452d0, locals=0x7ffff7f452d0, closeit=1, flags=0x7fffffffdc00)
    at Python/pythonrun.c:933
#16 0x000000000042763c in PyRun_SimpleFileExFlags (fp=0x93a350, filename=<optimised out>, closeit=1, flags=0x7fffffffdc00) at Python/pythonrun.c:396
#17 0x000000000043b975 in run_file (p_cf=0x7fffffffdc00, filename=0x8f82a0 L"./", fp=0x93a350) at Modules/main.c:338
#18 Py_Main (argc=argc@entry=2, argv=argv@entry=0x8f7010) at Modules/main.c:809
#19 0x000000000041dc52 in main (argc=2, argv=<optimised out>) at ./Programs/python.c:69
msg294723 - (view) Author: Jelle Zijlstra (JelleZijlstra) * (Python committer) Date: 2017-05-29 22:49
I could reproduce this on 3.4, but not on 3.3, 2.7, or master.
msg294741 - (view) Author: Jim Wright (jimwright) Date: 2017-05-30 07:02
Hi Jelle,

I think you're right about master; it looks like this very recent change:

could have fixed the issue, but I didn't find it whilst doing my original investigation of the issue on our side.
msg294744 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2017-05-30 07:47
3.4 is open only for security fixes. Can this crash be considered a security issue? In that case I can backport the issue27945 patch to 3.4.
msg296197 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2017-06-16 15:08
PR 2248 backports the issue27945 patch to 3.4. Seems it fixes this issue.
msg296198 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2017-06-16 15:17
Larry, does it worth to fix this issue in 3.4?
msg298158 - (view) Author: Larry Hastings (larry) * (Python committer) Date: 2017-07-11 13:29
Yes, and thank you for submitting the PR to backport it to 3.4!

(And thank you for backporting it to 3.3, too!)
msg305030 - (view) Author: Berker Peksag (berker.peksag) * (Python committer) Date: 2017-10-26 07:31
PR 2248 (3.4) and PR 2396 (3.3) have been merged. I think this issue can be closed now.
Date User Action Args
2022-04-11 14:58:46adminsetgithub: 74669
2017-10-26 07:31:16berker.peksagsetstatus: open -> closed

nosy: + berker.peksag
messages: + msg305030

resolution: fixed
stage: patch review -> resolved
2017-07-11 13:29:54larrysetmessages: + msg298158
2017-06-16 15:17:18serhiy.storchakasetassignee: larry
messages: + msg296198
2017-06-16 15:08:20serhiy.storchakasetmessages: + msg296197
stage: patch review
2017-06-16 15:03:37serhiy.storchakasetpull_requests: + pull_request2297
2017-05-30 07:47:19serhiy.storchakasetnosy: + serhiy.storchaka, larry

messages: + msg294744
versions: - Python 3.5, Python 3.6
2017-05-30 07:02:19jimwrightsetmessages: + msg294741
2017-05-29 22:49:59JelleZijlstrasetnosy: + JelleZijlstra

messages: + msg294723
versions: + Python 3.4
2017-05-26 12:48:10jimwrightcreate