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Title: super behaviour and abstract base classes (either implementation or documentation/error message is wrong)
Type: behavior Stage: resolved
Components: Interpreter Core Versions: Python 3.10, Python 3.9, Python 3.8
Status: closed Resolution: fixed
Dependencies: 23674 Superseder:
Assigned To: rhettinger Nosy List: Gerrit.Holl, docs@python, eryksun, martin.panter, miss-islington, rhettinger
Priority: normal Keywords: patch

Created on 2014-02-03 15:36 by Gerrit.Holl, last changed 2022-04-11 14:57 by admin. This issue is now closed.

Pull Requests
URL Status Linked Edit
PR 25175 merged rhettinger, 2021-04-04 01:45
PR 25202 merged miss-islington, 2021-04-05 19:48
Messages (7)
msg210141 - (view) Author: Gerrit Holl (Gerrit.Holl) * Date: 2014-02-03 15:36
When using an abstract base class, super(type, obj) throws a TypeError stating "obj must be an instance (...) of type", even though isinstance(obj, type) returns True.  I'm not sure what is supposed to happen here, but either the error message and the documentation for super would need to be reformulated, or there is an issue with the implementation, or I am misunderstanding something.

Python 3.3.3 (default, Dec 12 2013, 11:13:02) 
[GCC 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-3)] on linux
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import numbers
>>> super(numbers.Number, 0)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
TypeError: super(type, obj): obj must be an instance or subtype of type
>>> isinstance(0, numbers.Number)
msg235852 - (view) Author: Eryk Sun (eryksun) * (Python triager) Date: 2015-02-12 19:28
Given super(cls, obj), cls needs to be somewhere in type(obj).__mro__. Thus the implementation checks PyType_IsSubtype instead of the more generic PyObject_IsSubclass. 

In this case int's MRO is unrelated to numbers.Number:

    >>> print(*int.__mro__, sep='\n')
    <class 'int'>
    <class 'object'>

It gets registered as a subclass via numbers.Integral.register(int).

    >>> print(*numbers.Integral._abc_registry)
    <class 'int'>

issubclass calls PyObject_IsSubclass, which uses the __subclasscheck__ API. In this case ABCMeta.__subclasscheck__ recursively checks the registry and caches the result to speed up future checks.

    >>> numbers.Number.__subclasscheck__(int)
    >>> print(*numbers.Number._abc_cache)
    <class 'int'>
msg255686 - (view) Author: Martin Panter (martin.panter) * (Python committer) Date: 2015-12-02 01:02
I am proposing some documentation changes in Issue 23674 which would address this.
msg387731 - (view) Author: Eryk Sun (eryksun) * (Python triager) Date: 2021-02-26 17:16
The docs still need to clarified that isinstance(obj, type) is a necessary but not sufficient condition for success. It would also be helpful if the error message were less confusing in the case of registered subclasses such as numbers.Number.
msg387797 - (view) Author: Raymond Hettinger (rhettinger) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-02-28 00:10
This is a bit out of date.  The isinstance() docs now specify that the predicate tests for direct, indirect, and virtual inheritance. Likewise, the super() docs already specify that only the __mro__ is searched.  So those docs are already precise.

Am thinking of adding a FAQ entry about when direct inheritance is required and include the OP's example.  FWIW, this isn't really about super().  It affects any attribute lookup or any other property of inheritance.  A true result from instance() doesn't imply that actual inheritance has occurred.
msg390254 - (view) Author: Raymond Hettinger (rhettinger) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-04-05 19:48
New changeset 7bc25ec7276db2a81e7823671a74eeb8aa6b4542 by Raymond Hettinger in branch 'master':
bpo-20503: Show how isinstance() works with ABC registered classes. (GH-25175)
msg390258 - (view) Author: Raymond Hettinger (rhettinger) * (Python committer) Date: 2021-04-05 20:11
New changeset 028d5286d4255195ba6715e1aeb4bffed6b0279e by Miss Islington (bot) in branch '3.9':
bpo-20503: Show how isinstance() works with ABC registered classes. (GH-25175) (GH-25202)
Date User Action Args
2022-04-11 14:57:58adminsetgithub: 64702
2021-04-05 20:12:39rhettingersetstatus: open -> closed
resolution: fixed
stage: patch review -> resolved
2021-04-05 20:11:57rhettingersetmessages: + msg390258
2021-04-05 19:48:36miss-islingtonsetnosy: + miss-islington
pull_requests: + pull_request23941
2021-04-05 19:48:32rhettingersetmessages: + msg390254
2021-04-04 01:45:40rhettingersetkeywords: + patch
stage: patch review
pull_requests: + pull_request23917
2021-02-28 00:10:50rhettingersetassignee: docs@python -> rhettinger
messages: + msg387797
2021-02-27 02:21:00larrysetnosy: - larry
components: + Interpreter Core, - Documentation, Argument Clinic
2021-02-26 17:37:30meanboy2727.7setnosy: + larry
type: enhancement -> behavior
components: + Argument Clinic
2021-02-26 17:16:10eryksunsettype: enhancement
messages: + msg387731
versions: + Python 3.8, Python 3.9, Python 3.10, - Python 2.7, Python 3.4, Python 3.5, Python 3.6
2015-12-02 01:02:16martin.pantersetassignee: docs@python
dependencies: + super() documentation isn't very clear
components: + Documentation, - Interpreter Core
versions: + Python 2.7, Python 3.6
nosy: + docs@python, martin.panter

messages: + msg255686
2015-02-12 19:28:51eryksunsetnosy: + eryksun
messages: + msg235852
2015-02-12 14:22:15BreamoreBoysetnosy: + rhettinger
versions: + Python 3.4, Python 3.5, - Python 3.3

title: super behavioru and abstract base classes (either implementation or documentation/error message is wrong) -> super behaviour and abstract base classes (either implementation or documentation/error message is wrong)
2014-02-03 15:36:42Gerrit.Hollcreate