This issue tracker has been migrated to GitHub, and is currently read-only.
For more information, see the GitHub FAQs in the Python's Developer Guide.

Title: Make pickletools.optimize aware of the MEMOIZE opcode.
Type: behavior Stage: resolved
Components: Library (Lib) Versions: Python 3.4, Python 3.5
Status: closed Resolution: fixed
Dependencies: Superseder:
Assigned To: serhiy.storchaka Nosy List: alexandre.vassalotti, pitrou, python-dev, serhiy.storchaka, tim.peters
Priority: normal Keywords: needs review, patch

Created on 2013-12-02 01:00 by alexandre.vassalotti, last changed 2022-04-11 14:57 by admin. This issue is now closed.

File name Uploaded Description Edit
pickle_optimize_memoize.patch serhiy.storchaka, 2014-11-29 14:04 review
pickle_optimize_memoize_2.patch serhiy.storchaka, 2014-12-16 12:48 review
Messages (12)
msg204985 - (view) Author: Alexandre Vassalotti (alexandre.vassalotti) * (Python committer) Date: 2013-12-02 01:00
PEP 3154 introduced the MEMOIZE opcode which lowered the overhead of memoization compared to the PUT opcodes which were previously used.

We should update pickletools.optimize to remove superfluous uses of this new opcode.
msg205032 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2013-12-02 17:05
I afraid this is not a feature, but a bug. pickletools.optimize() can produce invalid pickled data when *PUT and MEMOIZE opcodes are used.

>>> import pickle, pickletools
>>> p = b'\x80\x04]\x94(\x8c\x04spamq\x01\x8c\x03ham\x94h\x02e.'
>>> pickle.loads(p)
['spam', 'ham', 'ham']
>>> pickletools.dis(p)
    0: \x80 PROTO      4
    2: ]    EMPTY_LIST
    3: \x94 MEMOIZE
    4: (    MARK
    5: \x8c     SHORT_BINUNICODE 'spam'
   11: q        BINPUT     1
   13: \x8c     SHORT_BINUNICODE 'ham'
   18: \x94     MEMOIZE
   19: h        BINGET     2
   21: e        APPENDS    (MARK at 4)
   22: .    STOP
highest protocol among opcodes = 4
>>> p2 = pickletools.optimize(p)
>>> p2
>>> pickle.loads(p2)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
KeyError: 2
>>> pickletools.dis(p2)
    0: \x80 PROTO      4
    2: \x95 FRAME      19
   11: ]    EMPTY_LIST
   12: \x94 MEMOIZE
   13: (    MARK
   14: \x8c     SHORT_BINUNICODE 'spam'
   20: \x8c     SHORT_BINUNICODE 'ham'
   25: \x94     MEMOIZE
   26: h        BINGET     2
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
  File "/home/serhiy/py/cpython/Lib/", line 2458, in dis
    raise ValueError(errormsg)
ValueError: memo key 2 has never been stored into
msg205051 - (view) Author: Alexandre Vassalotti (alexandre.vassalotti) * (Python committer) Date: 2013-12-02 20:19
Well, that can only happen if MEMOIZE and PUT are both used together, which won't happen with the Pickler classes we support. The easiest thing to do here is to disable pickletools.optimize on protocol 4.
msg205055 - (view) Author: Antoine Pitrou (pitrou) * (Python committer) Date: 2013-12-02 20:30
By the way, I was curious if there were many users of pickletools.optimize(), so I did a search and most matches seem to be copies of the stdlib source tree:
msg205071 - (view) Author: Tim Peters (tim.peters) * (Python committer) Date: 2013-12-03 03:55
Is it _documented_ that MEMOIZE and PUT can't be used together?  If not, it should be documented; and pickletools dis() and optimize() should verify that this restriction is honored in their inputs.
msg205074 - (view) Author: Alexandre Vassalotti (alexandre.vassalotti) * (Python committer) Date: 2013-12-03 04:41
MEMOIZE and PUT can be used together. They just need to not step on each other toes when they write to the memo table. As specified by PEP 3154, the memo index used by MEMOIZE is the number of elements currently in the memo table. This obviously means functions like, pickletools.optimize, have to be more careful when they rewrite pickles.
msg205348 - (view) Author: Alexandre Vassalotti (alexandre.vassalotti) * (Python committer) Date: 2013-12-06 03:48
Ah, I almost forgot! I did implement the verification in pickletools.dis() for MEMOIZE:
msg231861 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2014-11-29 14:04
Here is a patch which makes pickletools.optimize() to work with the MEMOIZE opcode.

As side effect it also renumbers memoized values, this allows to use short BINPUT and BINGET instead of LONG_BINPUT and LONG_BINGET.
msg232658 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2014-12-15 12:34
msg232738 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2014-12-16 12:48
Here is a patch which addresses Antoine's comments. Also added dis() output for binary example in comments.
msg232748 - (view) Author: Roundup Robot (python-dev) (Python triager) Date: 2014-12-16 16:06
New changeset c49b7acba06f by Serhiy Storchaka in branch '3.4':
Issue #19858:  pickletools.optimize() now aware of the MEMOIZE opcode, can

New changeset e7dd739b4b4e by Serhiy Storchaka in branch 'default':
Issue #19858:  pickletools.optimize() now aware of the MEMOIZE opcode, can
msg232752 - (view) Author: Serhiy Storchaka (serhiy.storchaka) * (Python committer) Date: 2014-12-16 18:08
Many thanks for all your reviews Antoine!
Date User Action Args
2022-04-11 14:57:54adminsetgithub: 64057
2014-12-16 18:08:13serhiy.storchakasetstatus: open -> closed
messages: + msg232752

assignee: serhiy.storchaka
resolution: fixed
stage: patch review -> resolved
2014-12-16 16:06:07python-devsetnosy: + python-dev
messages: + msg232748
2014-12-16 12:48:47serhiy.storchakasetfiles: + pickle_optimize_memoize_2.patch

messages: + msg232738
2014-12-15 12:34:53serhiy.storchakasetkeywords: + needs review

messages: + msg232658
2014-11-29 14:04:26serhiy.storchakasetfiles: + pickle_optimize_memoize.patch
versions: + Python 3.4
messages: + msg231861

keywords: + patch
stage: needs patch -> patch review
2013-12-06 03:48:47alexandre.vassalottisetmessages: + msg205348
2013-12-03 04:41:53alexandre.vassalottisetmessages: + msg205074
2013-12-03 03:55:36tim.peterssetmessages: + msg205071
2013-12-02 20:30:19pitrousetnosy: + pitrou
messages: + msg205055
2013-12-02 20:23:41pitrousetnosy: + tim.peters
2013-12-02 20:19:29alexandre.vassalottisetmessages: + msg205051
2013-12-02 17:05:40serhiy.storchakasetnosy: + serhiy.storchaka
messages: + msg205032
2013-12-02 01:00:14alexandre.vassalotticreate