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Title: Incorrect use of gettext in argparse
Type: behavior Stage: resolved
Components: Library (Lib) Versions: Python 3.2, Python 2.7
Status: closed Resolution: fixed
Dependencies: Superseder:
Assigned To: eric.araujo Nosy List: belopolsky, bethard, eric.araujo
Priority: high Keywords: patch

Created on 2010-11-22 02:31 by eric.araujo, last changed 2022-04-11 14:57 by admin. This issue is now closed.

File name Uploaded Description Edit
gettext-argparse.diff eric.araujo, 2010-11-22 02:31
Messages (8)
msg122068 - (view) Author: Éric Araujo (eric.araujo) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-11-22 02:31
I found two calls to gettext that are incorrect.  See attached patch.
msg122076 - (view) Author: Alexander Belopolsky (belopolsky) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-11-22 02:53
The patch makes sense.  I wonder if i10n of programs using argparse should be mentioned in docs.  Providing a sample translation file somewhere may not be a bad idea at least for testing.
msg122301 - (view) Author: Steven Bethard (bethard) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-11-24 20:17
Looks like a great fix.

And yes, anyone who knows anything about gettext, please feel free to add a test or ten. ;-) I just copied optparse when I put that stuff in, so I have no confidence in how it's done now.
msg122355 - (view) Author: Éric Araujo (eric.araujo) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-11-25 12:11
A bit of rationale behind the patch.  You probably know that the gettext/_ functions serves two roles: Identifying the strings to translate, and retrieving the translation from a catalog.

At strings extraction time, the string in the line
            msg = _('unknown parser %r (choices: %s)' % tup)
will be found by xgettext (just checked), so the .pot and .po files will include it.  So far, so good.

At runtime however, the gettext function will get "unknown parser 'parserr' (choices: ('some', 'tuple'))" as argument, which isn’t in the translation catalogs.  Doing the string interpolation after the gettext call (my patch) avoids this problem.

I will write a test for those two strings.
msg123177 - (view) Author: Éric Araujo (eric.araujo) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-12-03 04:40
I’ve started on a test but I’m not sure how to proceed, since I need to use or intercept gettext and compare the error messages of argparse with translated messages to prove that the gettext calls are bogus.  There are various ways of using or intercepting gettext from tests, but I have to experiment a bit before I can propose the simplest patch that could possibly work.

Exceptionally, I’d like to commit the change as is, and defer the testing for some months, until I can get to #10529.
msg123214 - (view) Author: Steven Bethard (bethard) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-12-03 09:30
Yes, I think it's okay to fix this without a test, given that it's a nontrivial amount of work to test gettext stuff. I'd rather have it working now, without tests, than wait until we know how to test stuff with gettext.

It's also a pretty minor, obvious fix. Of course, I assume you'll make sure this also merges correctly with your Issue 10528 patch.
msg123233 - (view) Author: Éric Araujo (eric.araujo) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-12-03 12:35
From the other bug: “If I understand it right, before this patch, people couldn't really supply internationalizations for these calls - they would have had to have a translation for each possible value of, e.g. action.choices or parser.prefix_chars.”  Exactly.

I will commit this evening and refresh the other patch (there is one overlapping change).
msg123282 - (view) Author: Éric Araujo (eric.araujo) * (Python committer) Date: 2010-12-03 19:26
Fixed in r86984 (py3k) and r86990 (2.7).
Date User Action Args
2022-04-11 14:57:09adminsetgithub: 54706
2010-12-03 19:26:08eric.araujosetstatus: pending -> closed
resolution: fixed
messages: + msg123282

stage: patch review -> resolved
2010-12-03 12:43:34eric.araujolinkissue10528 dependencies
2010-12-03 12:35:52eric.araujosetstatus: open -> pending
priority: normal -> high
messages: + msg123233
2010-12-03 09:30:46bethardsetmessages: + msg123214
2010-12-03 04:40:26eric.araujosetassignee: eric.araujo
messages: + msg123177
2010-11-25 12:11:53eric.araujosetmessages: + msg122355
2010-11-24 20:17:34bethardsetmessages: + msg122301
2010-11-22 02:53:40belopolskysetnosy: + belopolsky
messages: + msg122076
2010-11-22 02:31:24eric.araujocreate