"""HTTP server classes. Note: BaseHTTPRequestHandler doesn't implement any HTTP request; see SimpleHTTPRequestHandler for simple implementations of GET, HEAD and POST, and CGIHTTPRequestHandler for CGI scripts. It does, however, optionally implement HTTP/1.1 persistent connections, as of version 0.3. Notes on CGIHTTPRequestHandler ------------------------------ This class implements GET and POST requests to cgi-bin scripts. If the os.fork() function is not present (e.g. on Windows), subprocess.Popen() is used as a fallback, with slightly altered semantics. In all cases, the implementation is intentionally naive -- all requests are executed synchronously. SECURITY WARNING: DON'T USE THIS CODE UNLESS YOU ARE INSIDE A FIREWALL -- it may execute arbitrary Python code or external programs. Note that status code 200 is sent prior to execution of a CGI script, so scripts cannot send other status codes such as 302 (redirect). XXX To do: - log requests even later (to capture byte count) - log user-agent header and other interesting goodies - send error log to separate file """ # See also: # # HTTP Working Group T. Berners-Lee # INTERNET-DRAFT R. T. Fielding # H. Frystyk Nielsen # Expires September 8, 1995 March 8, 1995 # # URL: http://www.ics.uci.edu/pub/ietf/http/draft-ietf-http-v10-spec-00.txt # # and # # Network Working Group R. Fielding # Request for Comments: 2616 et al # Obsoletes: 2068 June 1999 # Category: Standards Track # # URL: http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2616.html # Log files # --------- # # Here's a quote from the NCSA httpd docs about log file format. # # | The logfile format is as follows. Each line consists of: # | # | host rfc931 authuser [DD/Mon/YYYY:hh:mm:ss] "request" ddd bbbb # | # | host: Either the DNS name or the IP number of the remote client # | rfc931: Any information returned by identd for this person, # | - otherwise. # | authuser: If user sent a userid for authentication, the user name, # | - otherwise. # | DD: Day # | Mon: Month (calendar name) # | YYYY: Year # | hh: hour (24-hour format, the machine's timezone) # | mm: minutes # | ss: seconds # | request: The first line of the HTTP request as sent by the client. # | ddd: the status code returned by the server, - if not available. # | bbbb: the total number of bytes sent, # | *not including the HTTP/1.0 header*, - if not available # | # | You can determine the name of the file accessed through request. # # (Actually, the latter is only true if you know the server configuration # at the time the request was made!) __version__ = "0.6" __all__ = [ "HTTPServer", "BaseHTTPRequestHandler", "SimpleHTTPRequestHandler", "CGIHTTPRequestHandler", ] import email.utils import html import http.client import io import mimetypes import os import posixpath import select import shutil import socket # For gethostbyaddr() import socketserver import sys import time import urllib.parse import copy import argparse from http import HTTPStatus # Default error message template DEFAULT_ERROR_MESSAGE = """\ Error response

Error response

Error code: %(code)d

Message: %(message)s.

Error code explanation: %(code)s - %(explain)s.

""" DEFAULT_ERROR_CONTENT_TYPE = "text/html;charset=utf-8" class HTTPServer(socketserver.TCPServer): allow_reuse_address = 1 # Seems to make sense in testing environment def server_bind(self): """Override server_bind to store the server name.""" socketserver.TCPServer.server_bind(self) host, port = self.server_address[:2] self.server_name = socket.getfqdn(host) self.server_port = port class BaseHTTPRequestHandler(socketserver.StreamRequestHandler): """HTTP request handler base class. The following explanation of HTTP serves to guide you through the code as well as to expose any misunderstandings I may have about HTTP (so you don't need to read the code to figure out I'm wrong :-). HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) is an extensible protocol on top of a reliable stream transport (e.g. TCP/IP). The protocol recognizes three parts to a request: 1. One line identifying the request type and path 2. An optional set of RFC-822-style headers 3. An optional data part The headers and data are separated by a blank line. The first line of the request has the form where is a (case-sensitive) keyword such as GET or POST, is a string containing path information for the request, and should be the string "HTTP/1.0" or "HTTP/1.1". is encoded using the URL encoding scheme (using %xx to signify the ASCII character with hex code xx). The specification specifies that lines are separated by CRLF but for compatibility with the widest range of clients recommends servers also handle LF. Similarly, whitespace in the request line is treated sensibly (allowing multiple spaces between components and allowing trailing whitespace). Similarly, for output, lines ought to be separated by CRLF pairs but most clients grok LF characters just fine. If the first line of the request has the form (i.e. is left out) then this is assumed to be an HTTP 0.9 request; this form has no optional headers and data part and the reply consists of just the data. The reply form of the HTTP 1.x protocol again has three parts: 1. One line giving the response code 2. An optional set of RFC-822-style headers 3. The data Again, the headers and data are separated by a blank line. The response code line has the form where is the protocol version ("HTTP/1.0" or "HTTP/1.1"), is a 3-digit response code indicating success or failure of the request, and is an optional human-readable string explaining what the response code means. This server parses the request and the headers, and then calls a function specific to the request type (). Specifically, a request SPAM will be handled by a method do_SPAM(). If no such method exists the server sends an error response to the client. If it exists, it is called with no arguments: do_SPAM() Note that the request name is case sensitive (i.e. SPAM and spam are different requests). The various request details are stored in instance variables: - client_address is the client IP address in the form (host, port); - command, path and version are the broken-down request line; - headers is an instance of email.message.Message (or a derived class) containing the header information; - rfile is a file object open for reading positioned at the start of the optional input data part; - wfile is a file object open for writing. IT IS IMPORTANT TO ADHERE TO THE PROTOCOL FOR WRITING! The first thing to be written must be the response line. Then follow 0 or more header lines, then a blank line, and then the actual data (if any). The meaning of the header lines depends on the command executed by the server; in most cases, when data is returned, there should be at least one header line of the form Content-type: / where and should be registered MIME types, e.g. "text/html" or "text/plain". """ # The Python system version, truncated to its first component. sys_version = "Python/" + sys.version.split()[0] # The server software version. You may want to override this. # The format is multiple whitespace-separated strings, # where each string is of the form name[/version]. server_version = "BaseHTTP/" + __version__ error_message_format = DEFAULT_ERROR_MESSAGE error_content_type = DEFAULT_ERROR_CONTENT_TYPE # The default request version. This only affects responses up until # the point where the request line is parsed, so it mainly decides what # the client gets back when sending a malformed request line. # Most web servers default to HTTP 0.9, i.e. don't send a status line. default_request_version = "HTTP/0.9" def parse_request(self): """Parse a request (internal). The request should be stored in self.raw_requestline; the results are in self.command, self.path, self.request_version and self.headers. Return True for success, False for failure; on failure, an error is sent back. """ self.command = None # set in case of error on the first line self.request_version = version = self.default_request_version self.close_connection = True requestline = str(self.raw_requestline, 'iso-8859-1') requestline = requestline.rstrip('\r\n') self.requestline = requestline words = requestline.split() if len(words) == 3: command, path, version = words try: if version[:5] != 'HTTP/': raise ValueError base_version_number = version.split('/', 1)[1] version_number = base_version_number.split(".") # RFC 2145 section 3.1 says there can be only one "." and # - major and minor numbers MUST be treated as # separate integers; # - HTTP/2.4 is a lower version than HTTP/2.13, which in # turn is lower than HTTP/12.3; # - Leading zeros MUST be ignored by recipients. if len(version_number) != 2: raise ValueError version_number = int(version_number[0]), int(version_number[1]) except (ValueError, IndexError): self.send_error( HTTPStatus.BAD_REQUEST, "Bad request version (%r)" % version) return False if version_number >= (1, 1) and self.protocol_version >= "HTTP/1.1": self.close_connection = False if version_number >= (2, 0): self.send_error( HTTPStatus.HTTP_VERSION_NOT_SUPPORTED, "Invalid HTTP version (%s)" % base_version_number) return False elif len(words) == 2: command, path = words self.close_connection = True if command != 'GET': self.send_error( HTTPStatus.BAD_REQUEST, "Bad HTTP/0.9 request type (%r)" % command) return False elif not words: return False else: self.send_error( HTTPStatus.BAD_REQUEST, "Bad request syntax (%r)" % requestline) return False self.command, self.path, self.request_version = command, path, version # Examine the headers and look for a Connection directive. try: self.headers = http.client.parse_headers(self.rfile, _class=self.MessageClass) except http.client.LineTooLong as err: self.send_error( HTTPStatus.REQUEST_HEADER_FIELDS_TOO_LARGE, "Line too long", str(err)) return False except http.client.HTTPException as err: self.send_error( HTTPStatus.REQUEST_HEADER_FIELDS_TOO_LARGE, "Too many headers", str(err) ) return False conntype = self.headers.get('Connection', "") if conntype.lower() == 'close': self.close_connection = True elif (conntype.lower() == 'keep-alive' and self.protocol_version >= "HTTP/1.1"): self.close_connection = False # Examine the headers and look for an Expect directive expect = self.headers.get('Expect', "") if (expect.lower() == "100-continue" and self.protocol_version >= "HTTP/1.1" and self.request_version >= "HTTP/1.1"): if not self.handle_expect_100(): return False return True def handle_expect_100(self): """Decide what to do with an "Expect: 100-continue" header. If the client is expecting a 100 Continue response, we must respond with either a 100 Continue or a final response before waiting for the request body. The default is to always respond with a 100 Continue. You can behave differently (for example, reject unauthorized requests) by overriding this method. This method should either return True (possibly after sending a 100 Continue response) or send an error response and return False. """ self.send_response_only(HTTPStatus.CONTINUE) self.end_headers() return True def handle_one_request(self): """Handle a single HTTP request. You normally don't need to override this method; see the class __doc__ string for information on how to handle specific HTTP commands such as GET and POST. """ try: self.raw_requestline = self.rfile.readline(65537) if len(self.raw_requestline) > 65536: self.requestline = '' self.request_version = '' self.command = '' self.send_error(HTTPStatus.REQUEST_URI_TOO_LONG) return if not self.raw_requestline: self.close_connection = True return if not self.parse_request(): # An error code has been sent, just exit return mname = 'do_' + self.command if not hasattr(self, mname): self.send_error( HTTPStatus.NOT_IMPLEMENTED, "Unsupported method (%r)" % self.command) return method = getattr(self, mname) method() self.wfile.flush() #actually send the response if not already done. except socket.timeout as e: #a read or a write timed out. Discard this connection self.log_error("Request timed out: %r", e) self.close_connection = True return def handle(self): """Handle multiple requests if necessary.""" self.close_connection = True self.handle_one_request() while not self.close_connection: self.handle_one_request() def send_error(self, code, message=None, explain=None): """Send and log an error reply. Arguments are * code: an HTTP error code 3 digits * message: a simple optional 1 line reason phrase. *( HTAB / SP / VCHAR / %x80-FF ) defaults to short entry matching the response code * explain: a detailed message defaults to the long entry matching the response code. This sends an error response (so it must be called before any output has been generated), logs the error, and finally sends a piece of HTML explaining the error to the user. """ try: shortmsg, longmsg = self.responses[code] except KeyError: shortmsg, longmsg = '???', '???' if message is None: message = shortmsg if explain is None: explain = longmsg self.log_error("code %d, message %s", code, message) self.send_response(code, message) self.send_header('Connection', 'close') # Message body is omitted for cases described in: # - RFC7230: 3.3. 1xx, 204(No Content), 304(Not Modified) # - RFC7231: 6.3.6. 205(Reset Content) body = None if (code >= 200 and code not in (HTTPStatus.NO_CONTENT, HTTPStatus.RESET_CONTENT, HTTPStatus.NOT_MODIFIED)): # HTML encode to prevent Cross Site Scripting attacks # (see bug #1100201) content = (self.error_message_format % { 'code': code, 'message': html.escape(message, quote=False), 'explain': html.escape(explain, quote=False) }) body = content.encode('UTF-8', 'replace') self.send_header("Content-Type", self.error_content_type) self.send_header('Content-Length', int(len(body))) self.end_headers() if self.command != 'HEAD' and body: self.wfile.write(body) def send_response(self, code, message=None): """Add the response header to the headers buffer and log the response code. Also send two standard headers with the server software version and the current date. """ self.log_request(code) self.send_response_only(code, message) self.send_header('Server', self.version_string()) self.send_header('Date', self.date_time_string()) def send_response_only(self, code, message=None): """Send the response header only.""" if self.request_version != 'HTTP/0.9': if message is None: if code in self.responses: message = self.responses[code][0] else: message = '' if not hasattr(self, '_headers_buffer'): self._headers_buffer = [] self._headers_buffer.append(("%s %d %s\r\n" % (self.protocol_version, code, message)).encode( 'latin-1', 'strict')) def send_header(self, keyword, value): """Send a MIME header to the headers buffer.""" if self.request_version != 'HTTP/0.9': if not hasattr(self, '_headers_buffer'): self._headers_buffer = [] self._headers_buffer.append( ("%s: %s\r\n" % (keyword, value)).encode('latin-1', 'strict')) if keyword.lower() == 'connection': if value.lower() == 'close': self.close_connection = True elif value.lower() == 'keep-alive': self.close_connection = False def end_headers(self): """Send the blank line ending the MIME headers.""" if self.request_version != 'HTTP/0.9': self._headers_buffer.append(b"\r\n") self.flush_headers() def flush_headers(self): if hasattr(self, '_headers_buffer'): self.wfile.write(b"".join(self._headers_buffer)) self._headers_buffer = [] def log_request(self, code='-', size='-'): """Log an accepted request. This is called by send_response(). """ if isinstance(code, HTTPStatus): code = code.value self.log_message('"%s" %s %s', self.requestline, str(code), str(size)) def log_error(self, format, *args): """Log an error. This is called when a request cannot be fulfilled. By default it passes the message on to log_message(). Arguments are the same as for log_message(). XXX This should go to the separate error log. """ self.log_message(format, *args) def log_message(self, format, *args): """Log an arbitrary message. This is used by all other logging functions. Override it if you have specific logging wishes. The first argument, FORMAT, is a format string for the message to be logged. If the format string contains any % escapes requiring parameters, they should be specified as subsequent arguments (it's just like printf!). The client ip and current date/time are prefixed to every message. """ sys.stderr.write("%s - - [%s] %s\n" % (self.address_string(), self.log_date_time_string(), format%args)) def version_string(self): """Return the server software version string.""" return self.server_version + ' ' + self.sys_version def date_time_string(self, timestamp=None): """Return the current date and time formatted for a message header.""" if timestamp is None: timestamp = time.time() return email.utils.formatdate(timestamp, usegmt=True) def log_date_time_string(self): """Return the current time formatted for logging.""" now = time.time() year, month, day, hh, mm, ss, x, y, z = time.localtime(now) s = "%02d/%3s/%04d %02d:%02d:%02d" % ( day, self.monthname[month], year, hh, mm, ss) return s weekdayname = ['Mon', 'Tue', 'Wed', 'Thu', 'Fri', 'Sat', 'Sun'] monthname = [None, 'Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun', 'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec'] def address_string(self): """Return the client address.""" return self.client_address[0] # Essentially static class variables # The version of the HTTP protocol we support. # Set this to HTTP/1.1 to enable automatic keepalive protocol_version = "HTTP/1.0" # MessageClass used to parse headers MessageClass = http.client.HTTPMessage # hack to maintain backwards compatibility responses = { v: (v.phrase, v.description) for v in HTTPStatus.__members__.values() } class SimpleHTTPRequestHandler(BaseHTTPRequestHandler): """Simple HTTP request handler with GET and HEAD commands. This serves files from the current directory and any of its subdirectories. The MIME type for files is determined by calling the .guess_type() method. The GET and HEAD requests are identical except that the HEAD request omits the actual contents of the file. """ server_version = "SimpleHTTP/" + __version__ def do_GET(self): """Serve a GET request.""" f = self.send_head() if f: try: self.copyfile(f, self.wfile) finally: f.close() def do_HEAD(self): """Serve a HEAD request.""" f = self.send_head() if f: f.close() def send_head(self): """Common code for GET and HEAD commands. This sends the response code and MIME headers. Return value is either a file object (which has to be copied to the outputfile by the caller unless the command was HEAD, and must be closed by the caller under all circumstances), or None, in which case the caller has nothing further to do. """ path = self.translate_path(self.path) f = None if os.path.isdir(path): parts = urllib.parse.urlsplit(self.path) if not parts.path.endswith('/'): # redirect browser - doing basically what apache does self.send_response(HTTPStatus.MOVED_PERMANENTLY) new_parts = (parts[0], parts[1], parts[2] + '/', parts[3], parts[4]) new_url = urllib.parse.urlunsplit(new_parts) self.send_header("Location", new_url) self.end_headers() return None for index in "index.html", "index.htm": index = os.path.join(path, index) if os.path.exists(index): path = index break else: return self.list_directory(path) ctype = self.guess_type(path) try: f = open(path, 'rb') except OSError: self.send_error(HTTPStatus.NOT_FOUND, "File not found") return None try: self.send_response(HTTPStatus.OK) self.send_header("Content-type", ctype) fs = os.fstat(f.fileno()) self.send_header("Content-Length", str(fs[6])) self.send_header("Last-Modified", self.date_time_string(fs.st_mtime)) self.end_headers() return f except: f.close() raise def list_directory(self, path): """Helper to produce a directory listing (absent index.html). Return value is either a file object, or None (indicating an error). In either case, the headers are sent, making the interface the same as for send_head(). """ try: list = os.listdir(path) except OSError: self.send_error( HTTPStatus.NOT_FOUND, "No permission to list directory") return None list.sort(key=lambda a: a.lower()) r = [] try: displaypath = urllib.parse.unquote(self.path, errors='surrogatepass') except UnicodeDecodeError: displaypath = urllib.parse.unquote(path) displaypath = html.escape(displaypath, quote=False) enc = sys.getfilesystemencoding() title = 'Directory listing for %s' % displaypath r.append('') r.append('\n') r.append('' % enc) r.append('%s\n' % title) r.append('\n


' % title) r.append('
    ') for name in list: fullname = os.path.join(path, name) displayname = linkname = name # Append / for directories or @ for symbolic links if os.path.isdir(fullname): displayname = name + "/" linkname = name + "/" if os.path.islink(fullname): displayname = name + "@" # Note: a link to a directory displays with @ and links with / r.append('
  • %s
  • ' % (urllib.parse.quote(linkname, errors='surrogatepass'), html.escape(displayname, quote=False))) r.append('
\n\n\n') encoded = '\n'.join(r).encode(enc, 'surrogateescape') f = io.BytesIO() f.write(encoded) f.seek(0) self.send_response(HTTPStatus.OK) self.send_header("Content-type", "text/html; charset=%s" % enc) self.send_header("Content-Length", str(len(encoded))) self.end_headers() return f def translate_path(self, path): """Translate a /-separated PATH to the local filename syntax. Components that mean special things to the local file system (e.g. drive or directory names) are ignored. (XXX They should probably be diagnosed.) """ # abandon query parameters path = path.split('?',1)[0] path = path.split('#',1)[0] # Don't forget explicit trailing slash when normalizing. Issue17324 trailing_slash = path.rstrip().endswith('/') try: path = urllib.parse.unquote(path, errors='surrogatepass') except UnicodeDecodeError: path = urllib.parse.unquote(path) path = posixpath.normpath(path) words = path.split('/') words = filter(None, words) path = os.getcwd() for word in words: if os.path.dirname(word) or word in (os.curdir, os.pardir): # Ignore components that are not a simple file/directory name continue path = os.path.join(path, word) if trailing_slash: path += '/' return path def copyfile(self, source, outputfile): """Copy all data between two file objects. The SOURCE argument is a file object open for reading (or anything with a read() method) and the DESTINATION argument is a file object open for writing (or anything with a write() method). The only reason for overriding this would be to change the block size or perhaps to replace newlines by CRLF -- note however that this the default server uses this to copy binary data as well. """ shutil.copyfileobj(source, outputfile) def guess_type(self, path): """Guess the type of a file. Argument is a PATH (a filename). Return value is a string of the form type/subtype, usable for a MIME Content-type header. The default implementation looks the file's extension up in the table self.extensions_map, using application/octet-stream as a default; however it would be permissible (if slow) to look inside the data to make a better guess. """ base, ext = posixpath.splitext(path) if ext in self.extensions_map: return self.extensions_map[ext] ext = ext.lower() if ext in self.extensions_map: return self.extensions_map[ext] else: return self.extensions_map[''] if not mimetypes.inited: mimetypes.init() # try to read system mime.types extensions_map = mimetypes.types_map.copy() extensions_map.update({ '': 'application/octet-stream', # Default '.py': 'text/plain', '.c': 'text/plain', '.h': 'text/plain', }) # Utilities for CGIHTTPRequestHandler def _url_collapse_path(path): """ Given a URL path, remove extra '/'s and '.' path elements and collapse any '..' references and returns a collapsed path. Implements something akin to RFC-2396 5.2 step 6 to parse relative paths. The utility of this function is limited to is_cgi method and helps preventing some security attacks. Returns: The reconstituted URL, which will always start with a '/'. Raises: IndexError if too many '..' occur within the path. """ # Query component should not be involved. path, _, query = path.partition('?') path = urllib.parse.unquote(path) # Similar to os.path.split(os.path.normpath(path)) but specific to URL # path semantics rather than local operating system semantics. path_parts = path.split('/') head_parts = [] for part in path_parts[:-1]: if part == '..': head_parts.pop() # IndexError if more '..' than prior parts elif part and part != '.': head_parts.append( part ) if path_parts: tail_part = path_parts.pop() if tail_part: if tail_part == '..': head_parts.pop() tail_part = '' elif tail_part == '.': tail_part = '' else: tail_part = '' if query: tail_part = '?'.join((tail_part, query)) splitpath = ('/' + '/'.join(head_parts), tail_part) collapsed_path = "/".join(splitpath) return collapsed_path nobody = None def nobody_uid(): """Internal routine to get nobody's uid""" global nobody if nobody: return nobody try: import pwd except ImportError: return -1 try: nobody = pwd.getpwnam('nobody')[2] except KeyError: nobody = 1 + max(x[2] for x in pwd.getpwall()) return nobody def executable(path): """Test for executable file.""" return os.access(path, os.X_OK) class CGIHTTPRequestHandler(SimpleHTTPRequestHandler): """Complete HTTP server with GET, HEAD and POST commands. GET and HEAD also support running CGI scripts. The POST command is *only* implemented for CGI scripts. """ # Determine platform specifics have_fork = hasattr(os, 'fork') # Make rfile unbuffered -- we need to read one line and then pass # the rest to a subprocess, so we can't use buffered input. rbufsize = 0 def do_POST(self): """Serve a POST request. This is only implemented for CGI scripts. """ if self.is_cgi(): self.run_cgi() else: self.send_error( HTTPStatus.NOT_IMPLEMENTED, "Can only POST to CGI scripts") def send_head(self): """Version of send_head that support CGI scripts""" if self.is_cgi(): return self.run_cgi() else: return SimpleHTTPRequestHandler.send_head(self) def is_cgi(self): """Test whether self.path corresponds to a CGI script. Returns True and updates the cgi_info attribute to the tuple (dir, rest) if self.path requires running a CGI script. Returns False otherwise. If any exception is raised, the caller should assume that self.path was rejected as invalid and act accordingly. The default implementation tests whether the normalized url path begins with one of the strings in self.cgi_directories (and the next character is a '/' or the end of the string). """ collapsed_path = _url_collapse_path(self.path) dir_sep = collapsed_path.find('/', 1) head, tail = collapsed_path[:dir_sep], collapsed_path[dir_sep+1:] if head in self.cgi_directories: self.cgi_info = head, tail return True return False cgi_directories = ['/cgi-bin', '/htbin'] def is_executable(self, path): """Test whether argument path is an executable file.""" return executable(path) def is_python(self, path): """Test whether argument path is a Python script.""" head, tail = os.path.splitext(path) return tail.lower() in (".py", ".pyw") def run_cgi(self): """Execute a CGI script.""" dir, rest = self.cgi_info path = dir + '/' + rest i = path.find('/', len(dir)+1) while i >= 0: nextdir = path[:i] nextrest = path[i+1:] scriptdir = self.translate_path(nextdir) if os.path.isdir(scriptdir): dir, rest = nextdir, nextrest i = path.find('/', len(dir)+1) else: break # find an explicit query string, if present. rest, _, query = rest.partition('?') # dissect the part after the directory name into a script name & # a possible additional path, to be stored in PATH_INFO. i = rest.find('/') if i >= 0: script, rest = rest[:i], rest[i:] else: script, rest = rest, '' scriptname = dir + '/' + script scriptfile = self.translate_path(scriptname) if not os.path.exists(scriptfile): self.send_error( HTTPStatus.NOT_FOUND, "No such CGI script (%r)" % scriptname) return if not os.path.isfile(scriptfile): self.send_error( HTTPStatus.FORBIDDEN, "CGI script is not a plain file (%r)" % scriptname) return ispy = self.is_python(scriptname) if self.have_fork or not ispy: if not self.is_executable(scriptfile): self.send_error( HTTPStatus.FORBIDDEN, "CGI script is not executable (%r)" % scriptname) return # Reference: http://hoohoo.ncsa.uiuc.edu/cgi/env.html # XXX Much of the following could be prepared ahead of time! env = copy.deepcopy(os.environ) env['SERVER_SOFTWARE'] = self.version_string() env['SERVER_NAME'] = self.server.server_name env['GATEWAY_INTERFACE'] = 'CGI/1.1' env['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] = self.protocol_version env['SERVER_PORT'] = str(self.server.server_port) env['REQUEST_METHOD'] = self.command uqrest = urllib.parse.unquote(rest) env['PATH_INFO'] = uqrest env['PATH_TRANSLATED'] = self.translate_path(uqrest) env['SCRIPT_NAME'] = scriptname if query: env['QUERY_STRING'] = query env['REMOTE_ADDR'] = self.client_address[0] authorization = self.headers.get("authorization") if authorization: authorization = authorization.split() if len(authorization) == 2: import base64, binascii env['AUTH_TYPE'] = authorization[0] if authorization[0].lower() == "basic": try: authorization = authorization[1].encode('ascii') authorization = base64.decodebytes(authorization).\ decode('ascii') except (binascii.Error, UnicodeError): pass else: authorization = authorization.split(':') if len(authorization) == 2: env['REMOTE_USER'] = authorization[0] # XXX REMOTE_IDENT if self.headers.get('content-type') is None: env['CONTENT_TYPE'] = self.headers.get_content_type() else: env['CONTENT_TYPE'] = self.headers['content-type'] length = self.headers.get('content-length') if length: env['CONTENT_LENGTH'] = length referer = self.headers.get('referer') if referer: env['HTTP_REFERER'] = referer accept = [] for line in self.headers.getallmatchingheaders('accept'): if line[:1] in "\t\n\r ": accept.append(line.strip()) else: accept = accept + line[7:].split(',') env['HTTP_ACCEPT'] = ','.join(accept) ua = self.headers.get('user-agent') if ua: env['HTTP_USER_AGENT'] = ua co = filter(None, self.headers.get_all('cookie', [])) cookie_str = ', '.join(co) if cookie_str: env['HTTP_COOKIE'] = cookie_str # XXX Other HTTP_* headers # Since we're setting the env in the parent, provide empty # values to override previously set values for k in ('QUERY_STRING', 'REMOTE_HOST', 'CONTENT_LENGTH', 'HTTP_USER_AGENT', 'HTTP_COOKIE', 'HTTP_REFERER'): env.setdefault(k, "") self.send_response(HTTPStatus.OK, "Script output follows") self.flush_headers() decoded_query = query.replace('+', ' ') if self.have_fork: # Unix -- fork as we should args = [script] if '=' not in decoded_query: args.append(decoded_query) nobody = nobody_uid() self.wfile.flush() # Always flush before forking pid = os.fork() if pid != 0: # Parent pid, sts = os.waitpid(pid, 0) # throw away additional data [see bug #427345] while select.select([self.rfile], [], [], 0)[0]: if not self.rfile.read(1): break if sts: self.log_error("CGI script exit status %#x", sts) return # Child try: try: os.setuid(nobody) except OSError: pass os.dup2(self.rfile.fileno(), 0) os.dup2(self.wfile.fileno(), 1) os.execve(scriptfile, args, env) except: self.server.handle_error(self.request, self.client_address) os._exit(127) else: # Non-Unix -- use subprocess import subprocess cmdline = [scriptfile] if self.is_python(scriptfile): interp = sys.executable if interp.lower().endswith("w.exe"): # On Windows, use python.exe, not pythonw.exe interp = interp[:-5] + interp[-4:] cmdline = [interp, '-u'] + cmdline if '=' not in query: cmdline.append(query) self.log_message("command: %s", subprocess.list2cmdline(cmdline)) try: nbytes = int(length) except (TypeError, ValueError): nbytes = 0 p = subprocess.Popen(cmdline, stdin=subprocess.PIPE, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE, env = env ) if self.command.lower() == "post" and nbytes > 0: data = self.rfile.read(nbytes) else: data = None # throw away additional data [see bug #427345] while select.select([self.rfile._sock], [], [], 0)[0]: if not self.rfile._sock.recv(1): break stdout, stderr = p.communicate(data) self.wfile.write(stdout) if stderr: self.log_error('%s', stderr) p.stderr.close() p.stdout.close() status = p.returncode if status: self.log_error("CGI script exit status %#x", status) else: self.log_message("CGI script exited OK") def test(HandlerClass=BaseHTTPRequestHandler, ServerClass=HTTPServer, protocol="HTTP/1.0", port=8000, bind=""): """Test the HTTP request handler class. This runs an HTTP server on port 8000 (or the port argument). """ server_address = (bind, port) HandlerClass.protocol_version = protocol with ServerClass(server_address, HandlerClass) as httpd: sa = httpd.socket.getsockname() serve_message = "Serving HTTP on {host} port {port} (http://{host}:{port}/) ..." print(serve_message.format(host=sa[0], port=sa[1])) try: httpd.serve_forever() except KeyboardInterrupt: print("\nKeyboard interrupt received, exiting.") sys.exit(0) if __name__ == '__main__': parser = argparse.ArgumentParser() parser.add_argument('--cgi', action='store_true', help='Run as CGI Server') parser.add_argument('--bind', '-b', default='', metavar='ADDRESS', help='Specify alternate bind address ' '[default: all interfaces]') parser.add_argument('port', action='store', default=8000, type=int, nargs='?', help='Specify alternate port [default: 8000]') args = parser.parse_args() if args.cgi: handler_class = CGIHTTPRequestHandler else: handler_class = SimpleHTTPRequestHandler test(HandlerClass=handler_class, port=args.port, bind=args.bind)