Author dmalcolm
Recipients Arach, Arfrever, Huzaifa.Sidhpurwala, Jim.Jewett, Mark.Shannon, PaulMcMillan, Zhiping.Deng, alex, barry, benjamin.peterson, christian.heimes, dmalcolm, eric.snow, fx5, georg.brandl, grahamd, gregory.p.smith, gvanrossum, gz, haypo, jcea, lemburg, mark.dickinson, merwok, neologix, pitrou, skrah, terry.reedy, tim.peters, v+python, zbysz
Date 2012-01-23.21:31:54
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I'm attaching an attempt at backporting haypo's random-8.patch to 2.7

Changes relative to random-8.patch:

   * The randomization is off by default, and must be enabled by setting
     a new environment variable PYTHONHASHRANDOMIZATION to a non-empty string.
     (if so then, PYTHONHASHSEED also still works, if provided, in the same
     way as in haypo's patch)

   * All of the various "Py_hash_t" become "long" again (Py_hash_t was
     added in 3.2: issue9778)

   * I expanded the randomization from just PyUnicodeObject to also cover
     these types:

     * PyStringObject

     * PyBufferObject

     The randomization does not cover numeric types: if we change the hash of
     int so that hash(i) no longer equals i, we also have to change it
     consistently for long, float, complex, decimal.Decimal and
     fractions.Fraction; however, there are 3rd-party numeric types that
     have their own __hash__ implementation that mimics int.__hash__ (see
     e.g. numpy)

     As noted in and, it's not possible
     to directly create a dict with integer keys via JSON or XML-RPC.

     This seems like a tradeoff between the risk of attack via other means
     vs breakage induced by not having hash() == hash() for the various
     equivalent numerical representations in pre-existing code.

   * To support my expanded usage of the random secret, I moved:
       PyAPI_DATA(_Py_unicode_hash_secret_t) _Py_unicode_hash_secret

     from unicodeobject.h to object.h and renamed it to:

       PyAPI_DATA(_Py_HashSecret_t) _Py_HashSecret;

     This also exposes it for usage by C extension modules, just in case
     they need it (Murphy's Law suggests we will need if we don't expose
     it).   This is an extension of the API, but warranted, I feel.  My
     plan for downstream RHEL is to add this explicitly to the RPM metadata
     as a "Provides" of the RPM providing so that if something
     needs to use it, it can express a "Requires" on it; I assume that
     something similar is possible with .deb)

   * generalized test_unicode.HashTest to support the new env var and the
     additional types.  In my version, get_hash takes a _repr string rather
     than an object, so that I can test it with a buffer().  Arguably the
     tests should thus be moved from test_unicode to somewhere else, but this
     location keeps things consistent with haypo's patch.

     haypo: in random-8.patch, within test_unicode.HashTest.test_null_hash,
     "hash_empty" seems to be misnamed

   * dropped various selftest fixes where the corresponding selftests don't
     exist in 2.7

   * adds a description of the new environment variables to the manpage;
     arguably this should be done for the patch for the default branch also


   * only tested on Linux (Fedora 15 x86_64); not tested on Windows.  Tested
     via "make test" both with and without PYTHONHASHRANDOMIZATION=1

   * not yet benchmarked

 Doc/using/cmdline.rst                      |   28 ++
 Include/object.h                           |    7 
 Include/pythonrun.h                        |    2 
 Lib/lib-tk/test/test_ttk/ |    2 
 Lib/                                  |   19 -
 Lib/test/                  |    2 
 Lib/test/                       |    5 
 Lib/test/                       |   15 +
 Lib/test/                   |    1 
 Lib/test/                        |   47 +++-
 Lib/test/                   |   55 +++++                            |    1 
 Misc/                            |   22 ++
 Modules/posixmodule.c                      |  126 ++----------
 Objects/bufferobject.c                     |    8 
 Objects/object.c                           |    2 
 Objects/stringobject.c                     |    8 
 Objects/unicodeobject.c                    |   17 +
 PCbuild/pythoncore.vcproj                  |    4 
 Python/pythonrun.c                         |    2 
 b/Python/random.c                          |  284 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 21 files changed, 510 insertions(+), 147 deletions(-)
Date User Action Args
2012-01-23 21:32:02dmalcolmsetrecipients: + dmalcolm, lemburg, gvanrossum, tim.peters, barry, georg.brandl, terry.reedy, gregory.p.smith, jcea, mark.dickinson, pitrou, haypo, christian.heimes, benjamin.peterson, merwok, grahamd, Arfrever, v+python, alex, zbysz, skrah, gz, neologix, Arach, Mark.Shannon, eric.snow, Zhiping.Deng, Huzaifa.Sidhpurwala, Jim.Jewett, PaulMcMillan, fx5
2012-01-23 21:32:00dmalcolmsetmessageid: <>
2012-01-23 21:31:59dmalcolmlinkissue13703 messages
2012-01-23 21:31:58dmalcolmcreate