Created on 2011-03-08 22:24 by skip.montanaro, last changed 2014-08-04 03:36 by koobs.
|issue-11445-linkflags.txt||ronaldoussoren, 2013-07-06 15:25|
|msg130379 - (view)||Author: Skip Montanaro (skip.montanaro) *||Date: 2011-03-08 22:24|
I routinely configure Python like so on my Mac (10.5.8): ./configure --prefix=/Users/skip/local --enable-shared LDFLAGS=-L/opt/local/lib CPPFLAGS=-I/opt/local/include This has always worked for me. Now, after installing from my Mercurial sandbox I have to set PYTHONPATH to get my <prefix>/python2.7/site-packages directory in sys.path. Here's sys.path in a vanilla python2.7 session when installed from a svn sandbox: ['/Users/skip/misc/python/python2', '/Users/skip/misc/python', '', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/ZODB3-3.8.1b8-py2.7-macosx-10.3-i386.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/zdaemon-2.0.2-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/ZConfig-2.6.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/zope.testing-3.7.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/zope.proxy-3.4.2-py2.7-macosx-10.3-i386.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/zope.interface-3.4.1-py2.7-macosx-10.3-i386.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/yolk-0.4.1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/SQLAlchemy-0.5.0rc2-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/decorator-2.3.1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/dnspython-1.6.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/spambayes-1.1b1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/py2app-0.3.6-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/bdist_mpkg-0.4.3-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/macholib-1.1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/modulegraph-0.7-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/altgraph-0.6.7-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/python_dateutil-1.4.1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/coverage-2.85-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pycallgraph-0.5.1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/see-0.4.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/mercurial-unknown-py2.7-macosx-10.3-i386.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/Pyjamas-0.5-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/Cheetah-2.0.1-py2.7-macosx-10.3-i386.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/mock-0.4.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pydns-2.3.3-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/Importing-1.9.2-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/docutils-0.6-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/MiniMock-1.2.5-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/nose-0.11.2.dev-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pytz-2010b-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pip-0.6.3-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/xlrd-0.7.1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/apipkg-1.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/argparse-1.1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/virtualenv-1.5.1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/tox-0.9-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/py-1.4.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/virtualenv5-18.104.22.168-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pylint-0.22.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/logilab_astng-0.21.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/logilab_common-0.53.0-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/unittest2-0.5.1-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/PIL-1.1.7-py2.7-macosx-10.4-i386.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/setuptools-0.6c11-py2.7.egg', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/plat-darwin', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/plat-mac', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/plat-mac/lib-scriptpackages', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/lib-tk', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/lib-old', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/lib-dynload', '/Users/skip/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages', '/Users/skip/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/PIL'] Here it is when installed from a Mercurial sandbox: ['/Users/skip/misc/python/python2', '/Users/skip/misc/python', '', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/plat-darwin', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/plat-mac', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/plat-mac/lib-scriptpackages', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/lib-tk', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/lib-dynload', '/Users/skip/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages'] Note that every directory in sys.path involving <prefix> has been completely muffed (last element in sys.path). That /opt/local/Library/... directory does exist some some sort-of-recent build by MacPorts, not me. That shouldn't impact the installation of Python into my own directory space however. I've confirmed that identical configure commands were used for both the svn and hg builds. Skip
|msg130394 - (view)||Author: Ned Deily (ned.deily) *||Date: 2011-03-09 01:14|
Are you sure you're not really using the MacPorts python? What's the value of sys.executable?
|msg130395 - (view)||Author: Skip Montanaro (skip.montanaro) *||Date: 2011-03-09 01:33|
Ned> Are you sure you're not really using the MacPorts python? What's Ned> the value of sys.executable? Yup, pretty sure. :-) Here it is run from my hg sandbox: % pwd /Users/skip/src/hgpython/2.7 % ./python.exe Python 2.7.1 (r271:86832, Feb 2 2011, 06:56:19) [GCC 4.0.1 (Apple Inc. build 5493)] on darwin Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information. >>> import sys >>> sys.executable '/Users/skip/src/hgpython/2.7/python.exe' >>> sys.path ['/Users/skip/misc/python/python2', '/Users/skip/misc/python', '', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/plat-darwin', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/plat-mac', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/plat-mac/lib-scriptpackages', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/lib-tk', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/lib-dynload', '/Users/skip/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages', '/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages'] Skip
|msg130405 - (view)||Author: Ned Deily (ned.deily) *||Date: 2011-03-09 02:56|
I can reproduce this. Chances are you'll see that the python.exe has been dynamically linked to the MacPorts Python instead of the just produced libpython2.7.dylib : $ otool -L ./python.exe ./python.exe: /opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Python (compatibility version 2.7.0, current version 2.7.0) /usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib (compatibility version 1.0.0, current version 111.1.5) /System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation (compatibility version 150.0.0, current version 476.19.0) /usr/lib/libmx.A.dylib (compatibility version 1.0.0, current version 47.1.0) No doubt you can work around it by removing the --enable-shared and/or removing the MacPorts Python2.7 from the picture. It's not yet clear to me why it's getting linked that way (--enable-shared on OS X doesn't get tested all that much as we normally do framework builds) but I'm very doubtful it has anything directly to do with hg vs svn checkout.
|msg130418 - (view)||Author: Skip Montanaro (skip.montanaro) *||Date: 2011-03-09 04:07|
Ned> No doubt you can work around it by removing the --enable-shared Ned> and/or removing the MacPorts Python2.7 from the picture. I don't rightly recall why I use --enable-shared, but hopefully I can get rid of it. MacPorts must have installed Python 2.7 for some reason of its own, so I don't want to mess with that. Any idea why --enable-shared didn't hose up my svn sandbox build? Skip
|msg130420 - (view)||Author: Skip Montanaro (skip.montanaro) *||Date: 2011-03-09 04:16|
> Any idea why --enable-shared didn't hose up my svn sandbox build? I take that back. I looked in config.status. I didn't use --enable-shared in my svn sandbox build. I misread the output of grep. So, it's clearly the --enable-shared that's the culprit. The library search path built when I used LDFLAGS=-L/opt/local/lib must somehow search /opt/local/lib before searching $PWD. Would be nice if we could fix that. I can't see why a third party library search directory (generally intended to point the linker at stuff like libreadline or libjpeg) should be searched before the directory in which Python is being built. S
|msg130455 - (view)||Author: Ronald Oussoren (ronaldoussoren) *||Date: 2011-03-09 14:16|
It is --enable-shared that is the culprit, but in the negated form... The OSX linker will search the entire link path for a shared library before trying to look for a static library. As a workaround you could use '--enable-shared', and that should ensure that you get linked to the python version you're actually building as it is earlier on the path. A proper fix is to add "-Wl,-search_paths_first" to the linker flags on OSX, with that flag the linker behaves just like the linker on any other unix platform.
|msg130490 - (view)||Author: Ned Deily (ned.deily) *||Date: 2011-03-10 06:58|
I see the problem now. Using a --enable-shared configure similar to Skip's, the gcc step that builds python.exe is: gcc -L/opt/local/lib -u _PyMac_Error -o python.exe \ Modules/python.o \ -L. -lpython2.7 -ldl -framework CoreFoundation What I failed to notice originally is that the MacPorts python27 port, which both Skip and I have installed, adds a link in /opt/local/lib to its framework lib: /opt/local/lib/libpython2.7.dylib@ -> /opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Python So since /opt/local/lib comes first on the lib list, that libpython2.7 is going to be found before the build directory's dylib. Moving -L /opt/local/lib to after -L. does seem to fix the problem. In the non-shared case, the gcc link step is: gcc -L/opt/local/lib -u _PyMac_Error -o python.exe \ Modules/python.o libpython2.7.a \ -ldl -framework CoreFoundation so the local static lib is explicitly loaded and there shouldn't be a problem. The shared-lib case is nasty in that you can easily link to the wrong lib without realizing it. The Makefile (for 2.7 - py3k is similar) is: # Build the interpreter $(BUILDPYTHON): Modules/python.o $(LIBRARY) $(LDLIBRARY) $(LINKCC) $(LDFLAGS) $(LINKFORSHARED) -o $@ \ Modules/python.o \ $(BLDLIBRARY) $(LIBS) $(MODLIBS) $(SYSLIBS) $(LDLAST) I wonder whether $(LDFLAGS) can be safely moved to after $(BLDLIBRARY) without breaking some platform. And I suspect the problem is not unique to OS X but perhaps more likely there.
|msg131134 - (view)||Author: Ronald Oussoren (ronaldoussoren) *||Date: 2011-03-16 16:16|
The attached patch fixes the issue by moveing LDFLAGS after BLDLIBRARY in the linking step. I'm not committing this yet though as this will affect all platforms that use Makefiles to build, and I'm not sure if this change save for all compilers we effectively support. Fixing this completely for OSX will require another change as well: we'd have to add "-Wl,-search_paths_first" to ensure that the build will pick up the first libpython on the search path, otherwise we'd still have a problem if you try to build a staticly linked binary (as this would still cause the linker to find macports if the additional flag isn't used).
|msg145713 - (view)||Author: Éric Araujo (eric.araujo) *||Date: 2011-10-17 15:27|
> I'm not committing this yet though as this will affect all platforms > that use Makefiles to build, and I'm not sure if this change save for > all compilers we effectively support. I can test with GCC on Debian (linux kernel); I don’t know if it would be easy to ask all buildbots to test your branch, if not you could call for volunteers on python-dev.
|msg192453 - (view)||Author: Ronald Oussoren (ronaldoussoren) *||Date: 2013-07-06 15:25|
I've attached an updated patch (against the 2.7 branch, the same idea should work for 3.3 and default). This does two things: 1) Explicity add '-Wl,-search_paths_first' to LDFLAGS on Mac OS X. This ensures that the linker behaves like other platforms: in every directory on the search path look for both shared and static libraries, the default (upto xcode 4) was to first walk the entire path looking for dylibs, then walk the path again looking for static libraries. 2) Change the order of arguments when linking $(BUILDPYTHON), the -L flags in $(LDFLAGS) were first added before the "-L." flag, and are now after that flag. This ensures that the correct python library will be found, even if there is a libpython in one of the directories on the search path that's added by $(LDFLAGS). This should work fine on OSX (obviously) and Linux, but I'm not 100% that moving $(LDFLAGS) will work with the vendor compilers on commercial unix systems. (Adding 3.3 and 3.4 to the versions because those should also be affected by this issue)
files: + issue-11445-linkflags.txt
messages: + msg192453
versions: + Python 3.3, Python 3.4
|2013-07-06 15:18:11||ronaldoussoren||set||files: - issue-11445.txt|
|2011-10-17 15:27:40||eric.araujo||set||messages: + msg145713|
nosy: skip.montanaro, ronaldoussoren, ned.deily, eric.araujo
messages: + msg131134
keywords: + patch, needs review
stage: needs patch -> patch review
skip.montanaro, ronaldoussoren, ned.deily, eric.araujo|
messages: + msg130490
skip.montanaro, ronaldoussoren, ned.deily, eric.araujo|
messages: + msg130455
stage: needs patch
components: + macOS
title: Something changed w.r.t. <prefix>/pythonN.M/site-packages in the Hg switch -> python.exe on OS X shared-llbrary build erroneously linked to MacPorts python library
skip.montanaro, ned.deily, eric.araujo|
messages: + msg130420
skip.montanaro, ned.deily, eric.araujo|
messages: + msg130418
+ Python 2.7|
nosy: skip.montanaro, ned.deily, eric.araujo
messages: + msg130405
components: + Build
skip.montanaro, ned.deily, eric.araujo|
messages: + msg130395
messages: + msg130394